Convalescent plasma therapy in critically ill COVID-19 patients: An open label trial

Faryal Khamis*, Zainab Al Arimi, Hamed Al Naamani, Maher Al Bahrani, Nenad Pandak, Zakaryia Al Bolushi, Stephan S. Deenadayalan, Adil Al Lawati, Issa Al Salmi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic continues to spread globally without an effective treatment. In search of the cure, convalescent plasma (CP) containing protective antibodies from survivors of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection has shown potential benefit in a non-intensive care unit setting. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of CP therapy for patients with COVID-19 on mechanical ventilation (MV) and/or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods: We conducted an open-label trial in a single center, Royal Hospital, in Oman. The study was conducted from 17 April to 20 June 2020. The trial included 94 participants with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19. The primary outcomes included extubation rates, discharges from the hospital and overall mortality, while secondary outcomes were the length of stay and improvement in respiratory and laboratory parameters. Analyses were performed using univariate statistics. Results: The overall mean age of the cohort was 50.0±15.0 years, and 90.4% (n = 85) were males. A total of 77.7% (n = 73) of patients received CP. Those on CP were associated with a higher extubation rate (35.6% vs. 76.2%; p < 0.001), higher extubation/home discharges rate (64.4% vs. 23.8%; p = 0.001), and tendency towards lower overall mortality (19.2% vs. 28.6%; p = 0.354; study power = 11.0%) when compared to COVID-19 patients that did not receive CP. Conclusions: CP was associated with higher extubation/home discharges and a tendency towards lower overall mortality when compared to those that did not receive CP in COVID-19 patients on MV or in those with ARDS. Further studies are warranted to corroborate our findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere296
JournalOman Medical Journal
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • Oman
  • Plasma
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Treatment Outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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