Choledochal Cyst in Adults

Etiopathogenesis, Presentation, Management, and Outcome-Case Series and Review

Norman Oneil Machado, Pradeep J. Chopra, Adil Al-Zadjali, Shahzad Younas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Choledochal cyst, a rare congenital cystic dilatation of biliary tree, is uncommon in adults. Their presentations differ from children and surgical management has evolved. Methods. A retrospective review of the records of all the patients above 15 years, who underwent therapeutic intervention in our hospital, was carried out. Results. Ten cases of choledochal cyst were found; 8 female, with mean age 31 years. These included 8 cases of Todani type I and one case each of type II and type III. The predominant symptoms were abdominal pain and jaundice. Abdominal mass and past history of cholangitis and pancreatitis were seen in 2 patients. Investigations included ultrasound in 8 patients, CT in 7, ERCP in 3, and MRCP in 5. Surgical intervention included complete excision of the cyst with hepaticojejunostomy and cholecystectomy (type I), excision of the diverticulum (type II), and ERCP sphincterotomy (type III). Malignancy was not seen in any patients. The long-term postoperative complications included cholangitis in two patients. Conclusion. Choledochal cyst is rare in adults. The typical triad of abdominal pain, jaundice, and mass is uncommon in adults. The surgical strategy aims for single stage complete excision of the cyst with hepaticojejunostomy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number602591
JournalGastroenterology Research and Practice
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Choledochal Cyst
Case Management
Cholangitis
Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography
Jaundice
Abdominal Pain
Cysts
Diverticulum
Biliary Tract
Cholecystectomy
Pancreatitis
Dilatation
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

Cite this

Choledochal Cyst in Adults : Etiopathogenesis, Presentation, Management, and Outcome-Case Series and Review. / Machado, Norman Oneil; Chopra, Pradeep J.; Al-Zadjali, Adil; Younas, Shahzad.

In: Gastroenterology Research and Practice, Vol. 2015, 602591, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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abstract = "Background. Choledochal cyst, a rare congenital cystic dilatation of biliary tree, is uncommon in adults. Their presentations differ from children and surgical management has evolved. Methods. A retrospective review of the records of all the patients above 15 years, who underwent therapeutic intervention in our hospital, was carried out. Results. Ten cases of choledochal cyst were found; 8 female, with mean age 31 years. These included 8 cases of Todani type I and one case each of type II and type III. The predominant symptoms were abdominal pain and jaundice. Abdominal mass and past history of cholangitis and pancreatitis were seen in 2 patients. Investigations included ultrasound in 8 patients, CT in 7, ERCP in 3, and MRCP in 5. Surgical intervention included complete excision of the cyst with hepaticojejunostomy and cholecystectomy (type I), excision of the diverticulum (type II), and ERCP sphincterotomy (type III). Malignancy was not seen in any patients. The long-term postoperative complications included cholangitis in two patients. Conclusion. Choledochal cyst is rare in adults. The typical triad of abdominal pain, jaundice, and mass is uncommon in adults. The surgical strategy aims for single stage complete excision of the cyst with hepaticojejunostomy.",
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N2 - Background. Choledochal cyst, a rare congenital cystic dilatation of biliary tree, is uncommon in adults. Their presentations differ from children and surgical management has evolved. Methods. A retrospective review of the records of all the patients above 15 years, who underwent therapeutic intervention in our hospital, was carried out. Results. Ten cases of choledochal cyst were found; 8 female, with mean age 31 years. These included 8 cases of Todani type I and one case each of type II and type III. The predominant symptoms were abdominal pain and jaundice. Abdominal mass and past history of cholangitis and pancreatitis were seen in 2 patients. Investigations included ultrasound in 8 patients, CT in 7, ERCP in 3, and MRCP in 5. Surgical intervention included complete excision of the cyst with hepaticojejunostomy and cholecystectomy (type I), excision of the diverticulum (type II), and ERCP sphincterotomy (type III). Malignancy was not seen in any patients. The long-term postoperative complications included cholangitis in two patients. Conclusion. Choledochal cyst is rare in adults. The typical triad of abdominal pain, jaundice, and mass is uncommon in adults. The surgical strategy aims for single stage complete excision of the cyst with hepaticojejunostomy.

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