China’s Rising in the Gulf and Relations with Oman

M. Cuneyt Yenigun, Musallam Suhail Maashani

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China was always a very important civilization for humankind with its innovations, socio-cultural effect, and tremendous natural resources. It had good relations with the Gulf countries from ancient history. After Communism, the Gulf countries and China took aside in different pacts and relations de-escalated and deteriorated. In the first decade in the post-cold war era, China strives to remedy relations with the gulf was not successful; but after the shale oil effect, in the last decade, china gradually subrogated the hegemon power economically in the region. China now is the main purchaser of the Gulf oil and has pretty much more good relations with the regional countries. It has a long term (at least economic) plans for the region and the Gulf; in which by launching the Belt Road initiative (BRI), China- Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) building Gwadar (Pakistan) and Duqm (Oman) Ports and establishing five military bases in the Indian Ocean region. Oman as a geostrategic guard of Hurmuz Strait and as a country that has the longest Gulf maritime seashore line in the Indian Ocean is in those economic plans. Oman critically needs economic diversification and Duqm Port can open a horizon for it and in addition to that, China is the main customer of Oman today. Because of those facts, Oman should rebalance its foreign and economic policies between west and east in accordance with the new circumstances in the region now.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7747-7766
Number of pages20
JournalPalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/ Egyptology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • Gulf Studies, China and Oman Relations, Oman Foreign Policy, Indian Ocean Region, China and the Gulf, CPEC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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