Characterization of mechanical properties of aligned date palm frond fiber-reinforced low density polyethylene

K. I. Alzebdeh, M. M. Nassar, M. A. Al-Hadhrami, O. Al-Aamri, S. Al-Defaai, S. Al-Shuaily

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent decades, natural fibers have received attention of scientists and researchers due to their ecofriendly characteristics that qualify them as potential reinforcement in polymer composites in place of synthetic fibers. In this study, an experimental investigation has been conducted to evaluate the effect of orientation of fibers on mechanical properties of a newly developed bio-composite in which date palm fronds (DPF) are embedded as fibers in low-density polyethylene (LDPE) matrix. Three bio-composite sheets with orientations of 0°, 45° and 90°, respectively have been fabricated after the date palm fronds were chemically treated. The fabricated composite specimens are tested under tensile load using Universal Testing Machine (UTM) in accordance with the ASTM D-638 standard. Then, a comparison of the experimental results against analytical results is made to examine the accuracy and agreement between the two. An inconsistency in moduli, as was discovered, is attributed to the adhesion quality between the fibers and surrounding matrix. Output results help to assess the applicability of such class of bio-composites in real-life applications. The results of tensile strength, Young's modulus, and elongation at break revealed that date palm fronds can be used as reinforcement material in polymer-based composites for low strength applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-123
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Engineering Research
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Low density polyethylenes
Mechanical properties
Fibers
Composite materials
Reinforcement
Natural fibers
Synthetic fibers
Polymers
Elongation
Tensile strength
Adhesion
Elastic moduli
Testing

Keywords

  • Bio-composites
  • Date palm fronds (DPF)
  • Low density polyethylene (LDPE)
  • Tensile strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Characterization of mechanical properties of aligned date palm frond fiber-reinforced low density polyethylene. / Alzebdeh, K. I.; Nassar, M. M.; Al-Hadhrami, M. A.; Al-Aamri, O.; Al-Defaai, S.; Al-Shuaily, S.

In: Journal of Engineering Research, Vol. 14, No. 2, 01.01.2017, p. 115-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alzebdeh, K. I. ; Nassar, M. M. ; Al-Hadhrami, M. A. ; Al-Aamri, O. ; Al-Defaai, S. ; Al-Shuaily, S. / Characterization of mechanical properties of aligned date palm frond fiber-reinforced low density polyethylene. In: Journal of Engineering Research. 2017 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 115-123.
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