Caesarean myomectomy

Feasibility and safety

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Caesarean myomectomy has traditionally been discouraged due to fears of intractable haemorrhage and increased postoperative morbidity. However, a number of authors have recently shown that myomectomy during Caesarean section does not increase the risk of haemorrhage or postoperative morbidity. Methods: We present a series of 8 cases from Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman, where myomectomy was performed during Caesarean section for large lower segment fibroids. Seven were anterior lower segment fibroids, while one was a posterior lower uterine fibroid which interfered with closure of the uterine incision. The antenatal course, perioperative management, and postoperative morbidity are discussed. Results: The average age of the women was 28.7 years and mean gestational age at delivery was 36.75 weeks. Regarding intra-operative blood loss, 1 patient lost 900 ml, 5 patients lost 1-1.5 litres, 2 lost 1.5-2 L, and 1 patient with a 10 x 12 cm fibroid lost 3.2 L. Despite the majority being large myomas (7 of the 8 patients had myomas >5 cm in size) and 50% being intramural, no hysterectomy was required. Stepwise devascularisation was necessary in one case and preoperative placement of uterine balloon catheters was necessary in another. The size of the fibroids was confirmed by histopathology. Myomectomy added 15 minutes to the operating time and 1 day to the hospital stay, but there was no significant postoperative morbidity. Neonatal outcome was good in all patients. Conclusion: In selected patients, myomectomy during Caesarean section is a safe and effective procedure at tertiary centres with experienced surgeons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-196
Number of pages7
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Fingerprint

Uterine Myomectomy
Leiomyoma
Safety
Cesarean Section
Morbidity
Postoperative Hemorrhage
Myoma
Oman
Hysterectomy
Gestational Age
Fear
Length of Stay
Catheters

Keywords

  • Caesarean section
  • Fibroids
  • Haemorrhage
  • Myomectomy
  • Oman
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Caesarean myomectomy: Feasibility and safety",
abstract = "Objectives: Caesarean myomectomy has traditionally been discouraged due to fears of intractable haemorrhage and increased postoperative morbidity. However, a number of authors have recently shown that myomectomy during Caesarean section does not increase the risk of haemorrhage or postoperative morbidity. Methods: We present a series of 8 cases from Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman, where myomectomy was performed during Caesarean section for large lower segment fibroids. Seven were anterior lower segment fibroids, while one was a posterior lower uterine fibroid which interfered with closure of the uterine incision. The antenatal course, perioperative management, and postoperative morbidity are discussed. Results: The average age of the women was 28.7 years and mean gestational age at delivery was 36.75 weeks. Regarding intra-operative blood loss, 1 patient lost 900 ml, 5 patients lost 1-1.5 litres, 2 lost 1.5-2 L, and 1 patient with a 10 x 12 cm fibroid lost 3.2 L. Despite the majority being large myomas (7 of the 8 patients had myomas >5 cm in size) and 50{\%} being intramural, no hysterectomy was required. Stepwise devascularisation was necessary in one case and preoperative placement of uterine balloon catheters was necessary in another. The size of the fibroids was confirmed by histopathology. Myomectomy added 15 minutes to the operating time and 1 day to the hospital stay, but there was no significant postoperative morbidity. Neonatal outcome was good in all patients. Conclusion: In selected patients, myomectomy during Caesarean section is a safe and effective procedure at tertiary centres with experienced surgeons.",
keywords = "Caesarean section, Fibroids, Haemorrhage, Myomectomy, Oman, Pregnancy",
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AU - Machado, Lovina S M

AU - Gowri, Vaidyanathan

AU - Al-Riyami, Nihal

AU - Al-Kharusi, Lamya

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N2 - Objectives: Caesarean myomectomy has traditionally been discouraged due to fears of intractable haemorrhage and increased postoperative morbidity. However, a number of authors have recently shown that myomectomy during Caesarean section does not increase the risk of haemorrhage or postoperative morbidity. Methods: We present a series of 8 cases from Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman, where myomectomy was performed during Caesarean section for large lower segment fibroids. Seven were anterior lower segment fibroids, while one was a posterior lower uterine fibroid which interfered with closure of the uterine incision. The antenatal course, perioperative management, and postoperative morbidity are discussed. Results: The average age of the women was 28.7 years and mean gestational age at delivery was 36.75 weeks. Regarding intra-operative blood loss, 1 patient lost 900 ml, 5 patients lost 1-1.5 litres, 2 lost 1.5-2 L, and 1 patient with a 10 x 12 cm fibroid lost 3.2 L. Despite the majority being large myomas (7 of the 8 patients had myomas >5 cm in size) and 50% being intramural, no hysterectomy was required. Stepwise devascularisation was necessary in one case and preoperative placement of uterine balloon catheters was necessary in another. The size of the fibroids was confirmed by histopathology. Myomectomy added 15 minutes to the operating time and 1 day to the hospital stay, but there was no significant postoperative morbidity. Neonatal outcome was good in all patients. Conclusion: In selected patients, myomectomy during Caesarean section is a safe and effective procedure at tertiary centres with experienced surgeons.

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