Body mass index and vigorous physical activity in children and adolescents

an international cross-sectional study

the ISAAC Phase Three Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To examine the relationship between reported vigorous physical activity (VPA) and body mass index (BMI) in children (6–7 years) and adolescents (13–14 years). Methods: In the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase Three, 75 895 children's parents and 199 502 adolescents answered questions relating to VPA, height and weight. The association between VPA and BMI was analysed using general linear models, adjusting for country gross national index. Results: Compared to children who undertook no VPA, those in the infrequent group (once or twice per week) and those in the frequent group (three or more times per week) had mean (95% CI) BMI values 0.07 kg/m2 (0.03–0.11) and 0.09 kg/m2 (0.03–0.15) greater, respectively (p = 0.001). Compared to adolescents reporting no VPA, those in the infrequent group had a BMI 0.19 kg/m2 (0.15–0.23) greater while those in the frequent group had a BMI 0.01 kg/m2 (−0.03–0.05) greater (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Reported VPA is not associated with lower BMI among children and adolescents. Investigation of VPA and BMI may be best undertaken in conjunction with other variables in the energy expenditure equation. A focus on VPA alone may be an inefficient way to manage BMI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1323-1330
Number of pages8
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume106
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2017

Fingerprint

Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise
Energy Metabolism
Linear Models
Hypersensitivity
Asthma
Parents
Weights and Measures

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Body mass index
  • Child
  • Obesity
  • Vigorous physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Body mass index and vigorous physical activity in children and adolescents : an international cross-sectional study. / the ISAAC Phase Three Study Group.

In: Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, Vol. 106, No. 8, 01.08.2017, p. 1323-1330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Aim: To examine the relationship between reported vigorous physical activity (VPA) and body mass index (BMI) in children (6–7 years) and adolescents (13–14 years). Methods: In the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase Three, 75 895 children's parents and 199 502 adolescents answered questions relating to VPA, height and weight. The association between VPA and BMI was analysed using general linear models, adjusting for country gross national index. Results: Compared to children who undertook no VPA, those in the infrequent group (once or twice per week) and those in the frequent group (three or more times per week) had mean (95{\%} CI) BMI values 0.07 kg/m2 (0.03–0.11) and 0.09 kg/m2 (0.03–0.15) greater, respectively (p = 0.001). Compared to adolescents reporting no VPA, those in the infrequent group had a BMI 0.19 kg/m2 (0.15–0.23) greater while those in the frequent group had a BMI 0.01 kg/m2 (−0.03–0.05) greater (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Reported VPA is not associated with lower BMI among children and adolescents. Investigation of VPA and BMI may be best undertaken in conjunction with other variables in the energy expenditure equation. A focus on VPA alone may be an inefficient way to manage BMI.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Body mass index, Child, Obesity, Vigorous physical activity",
author = "{the ISAAC Phase Three Study Group} and Braithwaite, {Irene E.} and Stewart, {Alistair W.} and Hancox, {Robert J.} and Rinki Murphy and Wall, {Clare R.} and Richard Beasley and Mitchell, {Edwin A.} and N. A{\"i}t-Khaled and Anderson, {H. R.} and Asher, {M. I.} and B. Bj{\"o}rkst{\'e}n and B. Brunekreef and J. Crane and P. Ellwood and S. Foliaki and F. Forastiere and L. Garc{\'i}a-Marcos and U. Keil and Lai, {C. K.W.} and J. Mallol and S. Montefort and J. Odhiambo and N. Pearce and Robertson, {C. F.} and St Georges and {von Mutius}, E. and Weiland, {S. K.} and G. Weinmayr and H. Williams and G. Wong and Clayton, {T. O.} and E. Ellwood and Baena-Cagnani, {C. E.} and M. G{\'o}mez and J. Weyler and R. Pinto-Vargas and Cunha, {A. J.L.A.} and {de Souza}, L. and A. Ferguson and P. Aguilar and L. Amarales and Benavides, {L. A.V.} and A. Contreras and Chen, {Y. Z.} and O. Kunii and Q. Pan and Zhong, {N. S.} and Cepeda, {A. M.} and Koffi, {B. N.} and Omar AL-Rawas",
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AU - the ISAAC Phase Three Study Group

AU - Braithwaite, Irene E.

AU - Stewart, Alistair W.

AU - Hancox, Robert J.

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AU - Wall, Clare R.

AU - Beasley, Richard

AU - Mitchell, Edwin A.

AU - Aït-Khaled, N.

AU - Anderson, H. R.

AU - Asher, M. I.

AU - Björkstén, B.

AU - Brunekreef, B.

AU - Crane, J.

AU - Ellwood, P.

AU - Foliaki, S.

AU - Forastiere, F.

AU - García-Marcos, L.

AU - Keil, U.

AU - Lai, C. K.W.

AU - Mallol, J.

AU - Montefort, S.

AU - Odhiambo, J.

AU - Pearce, N.

AU - Robertson, C. F.

AU - Georges, St

AU - von Mutius, E.

AU - Weiland, S. K.

AU - Weinmayr, G.

AU - Williams, H.

AU - Wong, G.

AU - Clayton, T. O.

AU - Ellwood, E.

AU - Baena-Cagnani, C. E.

AU - Gómez, M.

AU - Weyler, J.

AU - Pinto-Vargas, R.

AU - Cunha, A. J.L.A.

AU - de Souza, L.

AU - Ferguson, A.

AU - Aguilar, P.

AU - Amarales, L.

AU - Benavides, L. A.V.

AU - Contreras, A.

AU - Chen, Y. Z.

AU - Kunii, O.

AU - Pan, Q.

AU - Zhong, N. S.

AU - Cepeda, A. M.

AU - Koffi, B. N.

AU - AL-Rawas, Omar

PY - 2017/8/1

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N2 - Aim: To examine the relationship between reported vigorous physical activity (VPA) and body mass index (BMI) in children (6–7 years) and adolescents (13–14 years). Methods: In the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood Phase Three, 75 895 children's parents and 199 502 adolescents answered questions relating to VPA, height and weight. The association between VPA and BMI was analysed using general linear models, adjusting for country gross national index. Results: Compared to children who undertook no VPA, those in the infrequent group (once or twice per week) and those in the frequent group (three or more times per week) had mean (95% CI) BMI values 0.07 kg/m2 (0.03–0.11) and 0.09 kg/m2 (0.03–0.15) greater, respectively (p = 0.001). Compared to adolescents reporting no VPA, those in the infrequent group had a BMI 0.19 kg/m2 (0.15–0.23) greater while those in the frequent group had a BMI 0.01 kg/m2 (−0.03–0.05) greater (p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Reported VPA is not associated with lower BMI among children and adolescents. Investigation of VPA and BMI may be best undertaken in conjunction with other variables in the energy expenditure equation. A focus on VPA alone may be an inefficient way to manage BMI.

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KW - Body mass index

KW - Child

KW - Obesity

KW - Vigorous physical activity

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