Benzimidazole derivatives act as dual urease inhibitor and anti-helicobacter pylori agent; synthesis, bioactivity, and molecular docking study

Ebrahim Saeedian Moghadam, Abdullah Mohammed Al-Sadi, Reza Ghafarzadegan, Meysam Talebi, Massoud Amanlou, Mohsen Amini, Raid Abdel-Jalil*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A series of benzimidazole derivatives 8a–h were synthesized in acceptable yield and characterized by spectroscopic methods such as 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, MS, and Elemental analysis. In the urease inhibitory assay, all 8a–h showed higher urease inhibition activity (IC50: 5.85–20.82 µM) in comparison to thiourea and hydroxyurea as standard (IC50: 22 and 100 µM respectively). 8g exhibited the best activity with the IC50 value of 5.85 µM. The docking study represented a possible mode of interaction between 8g and the active site. To investigate the cytotoxicity of the synthesized compounds, an MTT assay was performed on two different cell lines which showed 8a–h have IC50 values higher than 50 µM on both tested cell lines. 8a–h were checked for antibacterial activity and the best activity was found by 8d against Helicobacter pylori with an inhibition zone of 20 mm even stronger than gentamicin with an inhibition zone of 18 mm.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSynthetic Communications
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Benzimidazole
  • drug discovery
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • synthesis
  • urease inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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