Assessment of perceived health status in hypertensive and diabetes mellitus patients at primary health centers in Oman

Ahmed Al-Mandhari, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Alyai Al-Hasn, Nada Al-Sumri

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the impact of diabetes mellitus and hypertension as well as other demographic and clinical characteristics on perceived health status in primary health centers in Oman. Methods: In a cross-sectional retrospective study, 450 patients (aged ≥ 18 years) seen at six primary health centers in Wilayat A' Seeb in the Muscat region, Oman, were selected. Perceived health status of the physical (PSCC) and mental (MSCC) components of quality-of-life were assessed using the 12-item short form health survey (SF-12). The analyses were performed using univariate statistical techniques. Results: The mean age of the participants was 54 ± 12 years and they were mostly female (62%). The presence of both diabetes mellitus and hypertension was associated with lower physical scores compared to those with diabetes alone (p = 0.001) but only marginally lower than those with hypertension alone (p = 0.066). No significant differences were found across the disease groups in mental scores (P = 0.578). Age was negatively correlated (p <0.001) but male gender (P <0.001), married (p <0.001), literate (p <0.001) and higher income (p = 0.002) were all associated with higher physical scores. Moreover, longer disease duration was associated with lower physical scores (p <0.001). With regards to the mental status, male (p = 0.005), marriage (P = 0.017) and higher income (p <0.001) were associated with higher mental scores. Polypharmacy was associated with lower physical (p <0.001) and mental (p = 0.005) scores. Conclusions: The presence of both diseases was associated with lower physical scores of perceived health status. Health status was also affected by various demographic and clinical characteristics. However, the results should be interpreted in light of the study's limitations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-263
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume2
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Fingerprint

Oman
Health Status
Diabetes Mellitus
Health
Hypertension
Demography
Polypharmacy
Health Surveys
Marriage
Retrospective Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Quality of Life

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Oman
  • Perceived health status
  • Primary health centers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{f03b3ea9665c4845bc301dfe3a111ee7,
title = "Assessment of perceived health status in hypertensive and diabetes mellitus patients at primary health centers in Oman",
abstract = "Objectives: This study aimed to assess the impact of diabetes mellitus and hypertension as well as other demographic and clinical characteristics on perceived health status in primary health centers in Oman. Methods: In a cross-sectional retrospective study, 450 patients (aged ≥ 18 years) seen at six primary health centers in Wilayat A' Seeb in the Muscat region, Oman, were selected. Perceived health status of the physical (PSCC) and mental (MSCC) components of quality-of-life were assessed using the 12-item short form health survey (SF-12). The analyses were performed using univariate statistical techniques. Results: The mean age of the participants was 54 ± 12 years and they were mostly female (62{\%}). The presence of both diabetes mellitus and hypertension was associated with lower physical scores compared to those with diabetes alone (p = 0.001) but only marginally lower than those with hypertension alone (p = 0.066). No significant differences were found across the disease groups in mental scores (P = 0.578). Age was negatively correlated (p <0.001) but male gender (P <0.001), married (p <0.001), literate (p <0.001) and higher income (p = 0.002) were all associated with higher physical scores. Moreover, longer disease duration was associated with lower physical scores (p <0.001). With regards to the mental status, male (p = 0.005), marriage (P = 0.017) and higher income (p <0.001) were associated with higher mental scores. Polypharmacy was associated with lower physical (p <0.001) and mental (p = 0.005) scores. Conclusions: The presence of both diseases was associated with lower physical scores of perceived health status. Health status was also affected by various demographic and clinical characteristics. However, the results should be interpreted in light of the study's limitations.",
keywords = "Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Oman, Perceived health status, Primary health centers",
author = "Ahmed Al-Mandhari and Ibrahim Al-Zakwani and Alyai Al-Hasn and Nada Al-Sumri",
year = "2011",
month = "10",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "256--263",
journal = "International Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "2008-7802",
publisher = "Isfahan University of Medical Sciences(IUMS)",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessment of perceived health status in hypertensive and diabetes mellitus patients at primary health centers in Oman

AU - Al-Mandhari, Ahmed

AU - Al-Zakwani, Ibrahim

AU - Al-Hasn, Alyai

AU - Al-Sumri, Nada

PY - 2011/10

Y1 - 2011/10

N2 - Objectives: This study aimed to assess the impact of diabetes mellitus and hypertension as well as other demographic and clinical characteristics on perceived health status in primary health centers in Oman. Methods: In a cross-sectional retrospective study, 450 patients (aged ≥ 18 years) seen at six primary health centers in Wilayat A' Seeb in the Muscat region, Oman, were selected. Perceived health status of the physical (PSCC) and mental (MSCC) components of quality-of-life were assessed using the 12-item short form health survey (SF-12). The analyses were performed using univariate statistical techniques. Results: The mean age of the participants was 54 ± 12 years and they were mostly female (62%). The presence of both diabetes mellitus and hypertension was associated with lower physical scores compared to those with diabetes alone (p = 0.001) but only marginally lower than those with hypertension alone (p = 0.066). No significant differences were found across the disease groups in mental scores (P = 0.578). Age was negatively correlated (p <0.001) but male gender (P <0.001), married (p <0.001), literate (p <0.001) and higher income (p = 0.002) were all associated with higher physical scores. Moreover, longer disease duration was associated with lower physical scores (p <0.001). With regards to the mental status, male (p = 0.005), marriage (P = 0.017) and higher income (p <0.001) were associated with higher mental scores. Polypharmacy was associated with lower physical (p <0.001) and mental (p = 0.005) scores. Conclusions: The presence of both diseases was associated with lower physical scores of perceived health status. Health status was also affected by various demographic and clinical characteristics. However, the results should be interpreted in light of the study's limitations.

AB - Objectives: This study aimed to assess the impact of diabetes mellitus and hypertension as well as other demographic and clinical characteristics on perceived health status in primary health centers in Oman. Methods: In a cross-sectional retrospective study, 450 patients (aged ≥ 18 years) seen at six primary health centers in Wilayat A' Seeb in the Muscat region, Oman, were selected. Perceived health status of the physical (PSCC) and mental (MSCC) components of quality-of-life were assessed using the 12-item short form health survey (SF-12). The analyses were performed using univariate statistical techniques. Results: The mean age of the participants was 54 ± 12 years and they were mostly female (62%). The presence of both diabetes mellitus and hypertension was associated with lower physical scores compared to those with diabetes alone (p = 0.001) but only marginally lower than those with hypertension alone (p = 0.066). No significant differences were found across the disease groups in mental scores (P = 0.578). Age was negatively correlated (p <0.001) but male gender (P <0.001), married (p <0.001), literate (p <0.001) and higher income (p = 0.002) were all associated with higher physical scores. Moreover, longer disease duration was associated with lower physical scores (p <0.001). With regards to the mental status, male (p = 0.005), marriage (P = 0.017) and higher income (p <0.001) were associated with higher mental scores. Polypharmacy was associated with lower physical (p <0.001) and mental (p = 0.005) scores. Conclusions: The presence of both diseases was associated with lower physical scores of perceived health status. Health status was also affected by various demographic and clinical characteristics. However, the results should be interpreted in light of the study's limitations.

KW - Diabetes mellitus

KW - Hypertension

KW - Oman

KW - Perceived health status

KW - Primary health centers

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