Assessment of heavy metal and petroleum hydrocarbon contamination in the Sultanate of Oman with emphasis on harbours, marinas, terminals and ports

Barry P. Jupp, Scott W. Fowler, Sergey Dobretsov, Henk van der Wiele, Ahmed Al-Ghafri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)


The assessment here includes data on levels of contaminants (petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals) in sediments and biomonitor organisms, including the eulittoral rock oyster Saccostrea cucullata and subtidal biomonitors, the barnacle Balanus trigonus and the antipatharian coral Antipathes sp., at harbours, marinas, terminals and large ports along the coastline of Oman. TBT levels in harbour and port sediments up to a maximum of 100 ppb TBT dry weight are highlighted. Oysters contained concentrations up to 367 ppm mg TPH/kg dry weight. The maximum levels of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn were found in the subtidal sediments and barnacles at the oil tanker loading Single Buoy Mooring stations in Mina Al Fahal. In general, the levels of most of the contaminants analysed are at low to moderate concentrations compared to those in highly contaminated sites such as shipyards and dry docks, but continued monitoring is recommended especially during any dredging campaigns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-273
Number of pages14
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2017



  • Biota
  • Heavy metals
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Oman
  • Sediments
  • TBT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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