Application of response-surface methodology to evaluate the optimum medium components for the enhanced production of lichenysin by Bacillus licheniformis R2

Sanket Joshi, Sanjay Yadav, Anjana J. Desai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)


Biosurfactants have gained attention because they exhibit some advantages such as biodegradability, low toxicity, ecological acceptability and ability to be produced from renewable and cheaper substrates. They are widely used for environmental applications for bioremediation and also in biomedical field. However, the high cost of production is the limiting factor for widespread industrial applications. Thus, optimization of the growth medium for biosurfactant-lichenysin production by Bacillus licheniformis R2 was carried out using response-surface methodology. A preliminary screening phase based on a two-level fractional factorial design led to the identification of NH4NO3, glucose, Na2HPO4 and MnSO4·4H2O concentrations as the most significant variables affecting the fermentation process. The 24 full-factorial central composite design was then applied to further optimize the biosurfactant production. The optimal levels of the aforementioned variables were (g/l): NH4NO3, 1.0; glucose, 34.0; KH2PO4, 6.0; Na2HPO4, 2.7; MgSO4·7H2O, 0.1; CaCl2, 1.2 × 10-3; FeSO4·7H2O, 1.65 × 10-3; MnSO4·4H2O, 1.5 × 10-3 and Na-EDTA, 2.2 × 10-3. With the optimization procedure, the relative lichenysin yield expressed as the critical micelle dilution (CMD) was fourfold higher than that obtained in the non-optimized reference medium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-127
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2008



  • Bacillus licheniformis
  • Bioremediation
  • Fermentation
  • Lichenysin
  • Optimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Bioengineering

Cite this