## Abstract

The first-order horizontal and vertical derivatives of the self-potential (SP) anomalies caused by a 2-D inclined sheet of infinite horizontal extent are analysed to obtain the depth h, the half width a, the inclination α, and the constant term containing the resistivity ρ and the current density I of the surrounding medium. The vertical derivative of the SP anomaly is obtained from the horizontal derivative via the Hilbert transform, which is also redefined to yield a modified version, a 270°phase shift of the original function. The point of intersection of these two Hilbert transforms corresponds to the origin. The amplitudes constitute a similar case. The practicability of the method is tested on a theoretical example as well as on field data from the Surda area of Rakha mines, Singhbum belt, Bihar, India. The results agree well with those of other methods in use. Since the procedure is based on a simple mathematical expression involving the real roots of the derivatives, it can easily be automated.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1551-1555 |

Number of pages | 5 |

Journal | Geophysics |

Volume | 63 |

Issue number | 5 |

Publication status | Published - Sep 1998 |

## Keywords

- Analytical method
- Dip
- Electrical method

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Geochemistry and Petrology
- Geophysics