An analytical method to interpret self-potential anomalies caused by 2-D inclined sheets

N. Sundararajan*, P. Srinivasa Rao, V. Sunitha

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (SciVal)


The first-order horizontal and vertical derivatives of the self-potential (SP) anomalies caused by a 2-D inclined sheet of infinite horizontal extent are analysed to obtain the depth h, the half width a, the inclination α, and the constant term containing the resistivity ρ and the current density I of the surrounding medium. The vertical derivative of the SP anomaly is obtained from the horizontal derivative via the Hilbert transform, which is also redefined to yield a modified version, a 270°phase shift of the original function. The point of intersection of these two Hilbert transforms corresponds to the origin. The amplitudes constitute a similar case. The practicability of the method is tested on a theoretical example as well as on field data from the Surda area of Rakha mines, Singhbum belt, Bihar, India. The results agree well with those of other methods in use. Since the procedure is based on a simple mathematical expression involving the real roots of the derivatives, it can easily be automated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1551-1555
Number of pages5
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Analytical method
  • Dip
  • Electrical method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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