Agricultural solid waste for the removal of organics: Adsorption of phenol from water and wastewater by palm seed coat activated carbon

S. Rengaraj, Seung Hyeon Moon, R. Sivabalan, B. Arabindoo, V. Murugesan

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Adsorption studies for phenol removal from aqueous solution on activated palm seed coat carbon (PSCC) were carried out under varying experimental conditions of contact time, phenol concentration, adsorbent dose and pH. Adsorption equilibrium was reached within 3 h for phenolic concentrations 10-60 mg l-1. Kinetics of adsorption obeyed a first order rate equation. The percent removal remained constant over the pH range 4-9 for a phenolic concentration of 25 mg l-1. The equilibrium data could be described well by the Freundlich isotherm equation. The adsorption of phenol on PSCC follows the film diffusion process. A comparative study with a commercial activated carbon showed that PSCC is two times more effective than commercial activated carbon. The studies showed that the palm seed coat carbon can be used as an efficient adsorbent material for the removal of phenolics from water and wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-548
Number of pages6
JournalWaste Management
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2002



  • Activated carbon
  • Adsorption
  • Isotherm
  • Kinetics
  • Palm seed coat
  • Phenol
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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