Acute lower respiratory tract infections in children

Juhi Taneja*, Abida Malik, Ashraf Malik, Meher Rizvi, Mithlesh Agarwal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) is a common illness, but there have been relatively few studies of the bacterial etiology in developing countries. Nasopharyngeal aspirates of 70 children under 10 years of age with ALRTI were cultured for aerobic bacterial pathogens. Klebsiella pneumoniae was the commonest organism (32.2%) isolated followed by S. pneumoniae (10%), E. coli (10%), P. aeruginosa (5.7%), S. aureus (2.8%) and H. influenzae (1.4%). There were significantly more bacterial pathogens isolated in children <1 year of age (73.7%) than in those >1 year of age (56.2%) (P=0.03). A shift in spectrum from Gram-positive cocci to Gram-negative bacilli in ALRTI was observed in our study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-511
Number of pages3
JournalIndian Pediatrics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute lower respiratory tract infection
  • Etiology
  • Klebsiella
  • Pneumonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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