Acute Coronary Syndrome in Indian Subcontinent Patients Residing in the Middle East: Results from Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events II

Prashanth Panduranga, Kadhim J. Sulaiman, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani*, Khalid F. AlHabib, Ahmad Hersi, Jassim Al Suwaidi, Alawi A. Alsheikh-Ali, Wael Almahmeed, Shukri Al Saif, Hussam Al-Faleh, Jawad Al-Lawati, Nidal Asaad, Ahmed Al-Motarreb, Haitham Amin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compared baseline characteristics, clinical presentation, and in-hospital outcomes between Middle Eastern Arabs and Indian subcontinent patients presenting with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Of the 7930 patients enrolled in Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events II (RACE II), 23% (n = 1669) were from the Indian subcontinent. The Indian subcontinent patients, in comparison with the Middle Eastern Arabs, were younger (49 vs 60 years; P <.001), more were males (96% vs 80%; P <.001), had lower proportion of higher Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events risk score (8% vs 27%; P <.001), and less likely to be associated with diabetes (34% vs 42%; P <.001), hypertension (36% vs 51%; P <.001), and hyperlipidemia (29% vs 39%; P <.001) but more likely to be smokers (55% vs 29%; P <.001). After multivariable adjustment, the Middle Eastern Arabs were less likely to be associated with in-hospital congestive heart failure (odds ratio [OR], 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.50-0.86; P =.003) but more likely to be associated with recurrent ischemia (OR 1.33; 95% CI: 1.03-1.71; P =.026) when compared to the Indian subcontinent patients. Despite the baseline differences, there were largely no significant differences in in-hospital outcomes between the Indians and the Middle Eastern Arabs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)818-825
Number of pages8
JournalAngiology
Volume66
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 9 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arabs
  • Indian subcontinent
  • Middle East
  • South Asians
  • acute coronary syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Acute Coronary Syndrome in Indian Subcontinent Patients Residing in the Middle East: Results from Gulf Registry of Acute Coronary Events II'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this