A paper-based chemiluminescence detection device based on S,N-doped carbon quantum dots for the selective and highly sensitive recognition of bendiocarb

Iman Al Yahyai, Haider A.J. Al-Lawati*, Javad Hassanzadeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Bendiocarb, a type of carbamate pesticide, plays a crucial role in controlling a wide range of pests. Due to its harmful impact on humans and the environment, the need for inexpensive, portable, efficient and easy-to-use analytical devices has become essential. In this study, an environmentally friendly paper-based analytical device (PAD) with a chemiluminescence (CL) sensing platform was investigated and characterized for the facile, reliable and sensitive detection of the bendiocarb pesticide. It is based on the enhancing effect of SO32- on the CL reaction of sulfur, nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (S,N-CQDs)-KMnO4 in acidic media. According to the experiments, S,N-CQDs and SO32- both are oxidized by KMnO4 to generate (S,N-CQDs∗) and (SO2∗) in their excited states, emitting at 510 nm. This indicates that an energy transfer process is taking place from SO2∗ to S,N-CQDs, resulting in a remarkably intensified CL emission. Interestingly, another emission was also observed around 660 nm contributing to about 20 to 25% of the total CL emission. This emission is related to the Mn2+∗ species produced by reducing MnO4-. The established multi-emission CL system was tested for analytical applications. Under optimal experimental conditions, a good linear relationship was observed between the bendiocarb concentration and the CL intensity of the established CL system. The linear detection range was 0.1-10 μg mL-1, with a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.02 μg mL-1. Finally, the method was successfully applied for the measurements of bendiocarb in water and juice samples. The obtained recovery values (97.5-105.5) verified the suitable accuracy of the results. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3461-3470
Number of pages10
JournalAnalytical Methods
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - Aug 21 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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