A lab-on-a-chip device for analysis of amlodipine in biological fluids using peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence system

Haider A J Al Lawati, Mira M. Al-Nadabi, Gouri B. Varma, Fakhr Eldin O Suliman, Hasnaa Al-Abri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


A highly sensitive, rapid and economical method for the determination of amlodipine (AM) in biological fluids was developed using a peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence (CL) system in a lab-on-a-chip device. Peroxyoxalate-CL is an indirect type of CL that allows the detection of native fluorophores or compounds derivatized with fluorescent labels. Here, fluorescamine was reacted with AM, and the derivatization product was used in a bis-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate-CL system. Fluorescamine reacts selectively with aliphatic primary amine at neutral or basic pH. As most of the calcium channel blocker and many cardiovascular drugs do not contain primary amine, the developed method is highly selective. The parameters that influenced the CL signal intensity were studied carefully. These included the chip geometry, pH, concentration of reagents used and flow rates. Moreover, we confirmed our previous observation about the effects of imidazole, which is commonly used in the bis-(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate-CL system as a catalyst, and found that the signal was significantly improved when imidazole was absent. Under optimized conditions, a calibration curve was obtained with a linear range (10-100 μg/L). The limit of detection was 3μg/L, while the limit of quantification was 10μg/L. Finally the method was applied for the determination of AM in biological fluids successfully.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1148-1153
Number of pages6
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014



  • Amlodipine
  • Chemiluminescence
  • Fluorescamine
  • Lab on a chip
  • Peroxyoxalate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

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