Waste Balanites aegyptiaca seed oil as a potential source for biodiesel production in the presence of a novel mixed metallic oxide catalyst

Farrukh Jamil, Mohammed Al-Riyami, Lamya Al-Haj, Ala'a H. Al-Muhtaseb*, Myo T.Z. Myint, Mahad Baawain, Mohammed Al-Abri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The current research work reports the synthesis of highly efficient heterogeneous barium oxide with molybdenum oxide (BaO-MoO2) catalysts for transesterification of Balanites aegyptiaca seed oil for biodiesel production. The synthesized catalysts are being characterized through several analytical techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) to examine its suitability for biodiesel production. The biodiesel production process was optimized and optimum yield obtained was 97.8% using a set of optimum conditions such as methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 12, the processing time of 120 minutes, process temperature of 65°C and with catalyst loading of 4.5 wt%. Moreover, catalyst reusability was determined and it was found to be highly suitable for reuse with minimum loss of its activity. Further on, quality of the produced biodiesel was evaluated to show its suitability as fuel and its potential as an alternative to fossil diesel.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Balanites aegyptiaca seed oil
  • biodiesel
  • heterogeneous metallic oxide catalysts
  • potential fuel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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