Vulnerability assessment of environmental and climate change impacts on water resources in Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman

Mohammed Saif Al-Kalbani, Martin F. Price, Asma Abahussain, Mushtaque Ahmed, Timothy O'Higgins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Climate change and its consequences present one of the most important threats to water resources systems which are vulnerable to such changes due to their limited adaptive capacity. Water resources in arid mountain regions, such as Al Jabal Al Akhdar; northern Sultanate of Oman, are vulnerable to the potential adverse impacts of environmental and climate change. Besides climatic change, current demographic trends, economic development and related land use changes are exerting pressures and have direct impacts on increasing demands for water resources and their vulnerability. In this study, vulnerability assessment was carried out using guidelines prepared by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Peking University to evaluate four components of the water resource system: water resources stress, water development pressure, ecological health, and management capacity. The calculated vulnerability index (VI) was high, indicating that the water resources are experiencing levels of stress. Ecosystem deterioration was the dominant parameter and management capacity was the dominant category driving the vulnerability on water resources. The vulnerability assessment will support policy and decision makers in evaluating options to modify existing policies. It will also help in developing long-term strategic plans for climate change mitigation and adaptation measures and implement effective policies for sustainable water resources management, and therefore the sustenance of human wellbeing in the region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3118-3135
Number of pages18
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Oman
Water Resources
Climate Change
environmental assessment
Water resources
Climate change
water resources
environmental change
vulnerability
climate change
water resource
water
resources
United Nations Environment Programme
demographic trend
United Nations Environment Program
management
Pressure
Arid regions
mountain region

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Al Jabal Al Akhdar
  • Climate change
  • Development pressure
  • Ecological health
  • Management capacity
  • Mitigation
  • Oman
  • Vulnerability index
  • Water resources stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Vulnerability assessment of environmental and climate change impacts on water resources in Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman. / Al-Kalbani, Mohammed Saif; Price, Martin F.; Abahussain, Asma; Ahmed, Mushtaque; O'Higgins, Timothy.

In: Water (Switzerland), Vol. 6, No. 10, 2014, p. 3118-3135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Kalbani, Mohammed Saif ; Price, Martin F. ; Abahussain, Asma ; Ahmed, Mushtaque ; O'Higgins, Timothy. / Vulnerability assessment of environmental and climate change impacts on water resources in Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman. In: Water (Switzerland). 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 10. pp. 3118-3135.
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