Valorization of waste Date pits biomass for biodiesel production in presence of green carbon catalyst

Ahmad M. Abu-Jrai, Farrukh Jamil, Ala'a H. Al-Muhtaseb, Mahad Baawain, Lamya Al-Haj, Mohab Al-Hinai, Mohammed Al-Abri, Sikander Rafiq

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, an efficient utilization of waste Date pits biomass for synthesizing green carbon catalyst as well as production of biodiesel were investigated. The green carbon catalyst was modified by KOH and characterized by XRD, SEM, EDX, TEM and BET. Taguchi method in Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was applied to study the effect of several process parameters such as reaction temperature, time, catalysts type and methanol to oil ratio, on the yield of the produced biodiesel. The optimized yield obtained was 91.6% when the process temperature was 65 °C, with catalyst type C3 (6 wt% KOH on carbon) within 1 h and with 9:1 methanol to oil ratio. The produced biodiesel was completely characterized in order to verify its quality, compared with the international standards. Fuel properties of the produced biodiesel were found to be a cetane number 60.31, density 881 kg/m3, viscosity 4.24 mm2/s, cloud point 3.9 °C, cold filter plugging point −0.62 °C, pour point −1.4 °C and flash point 141 °C, which lies within the limits specified by the international standards of ASTM and EN. Waste Date pits biomass can be a promising platform for the production of green carbon catalysts as well as biodiesel production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-243
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Biomass
Catalysts
Carbon
Methanol
Taguchi methods
Antiknock rating
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Viscosity
Transmission electron microscopy
Temperature
Scanning electron microscopy
Oils

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Green catalyst
  • Optimization
  • Transesterification
  • Waste Date pits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Valorization of waste Date pits biomass for biodiesel production in presence of green carbon catalyst",
abstract = "In this study, an efficient utilization of waste Date pits biomass for synthesizing green carbon catalyst as well as production of biodiesel were investigated. The green carbon catalyst was modified by KOH and characterized by XRD, SEM, EDX, TEM and BET. Taguchi method in Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was applied to study the effect of several process parameters such as reaction temperature, time, catalysts type and methanol to oil ratio, on the yield of the produced biodiesel. The optimized yield obtained was 91.6{\%} when the process temperature was 65 °C, with catalyst type C3 (6 wt{\%} KOH on carbon) within 1 h and with 9:1 methanol to oil ratio. The produced biodiesel was completely characterized in order to verify its quality, compared with the international standards. Fuel properties of the produced biodiesel were found to be a cetane number 60.31, density 881 kg/m3, viscosity 4.24 mm2/s, cloud point 3.9 °C, cold filter plugging point −0.62 °C, pour point −1.4 °C and flash point 141 °C, which lies within the limits specified by the international standards of ASTM and EN. Waste Date pits biomass can be a promising platform for the production of green carbon catalysts as well as biodiesel production.",
keywords = "Biodiesel, Green catalyst, Optimization, Transesterification, Waste Date pits",
author = "Abu-Jrai, {Ahmad M.} and Farrukh Jamil and Al-Muhtaseb, {Ala'a H.} and Mahad Baawain and Lamya Al-Haj and Mohab Al-Hinai and Mohammed Al-Abri and Sikander Rafiq",
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AU - Abu-Jrai, Ahmad M.

AU - Jamil, Farrukh

AU - Al-Muhtaseb, Ala'a H.

AU - Baawain, Mahad

AU - Al-Haj, Lamya

AU - Al-Hinai, Mohab

AU - Al-Abri, Mohammed

AU - Rafiq, Sikander

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AB - In this study, an efficient utilization of waste Date pits biomass for synthesizing green carbon catalyst as well as production of biodiesel were investigated. The green carbon catalyst was modified by KOH and characterized by XRD, SEM, EDX, TEM and BET. Taguchi method in Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was applied to study the effect of several process parameters such as reaction temperature, time, catalysts type and methanol to oil ratio, on the yield of the produced biodiesel. The optimized yield obtained was 91.6% when the process temperature was 65 °C, with catalyst type C3 (6 wt% KOH on carbon) within 1 h and with 9:1 methanol to oil ratio. The produced biodiesel was completely characterized in order to verify its quality, compared with the international standards. Fuel properties of the produced biodiesel were found to be a cetane number 60.31, density 881 kg/m3, viscosity 4.24 mm2/s, cloud point 3.9 °C, cold filter plugging point −0.62 °C, pour point −1.4 °C and flash point 141 °C, which lies within the limits specified by the international standards of ASTM and EN. Waste Date pits biomass can be a promising platform for the production of green carbon catalysts as well as biodiesel production.

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