Two new lanthanide complexes [Ln(hfaa)3(Py-Im)] [hfaa = hexafluoroacetylacetone, Py-Im = 2-(2-pyridyl)benzimidazole and Ln = Eu(III) (1) and Tb(III) (2)] were synthesized and characterized. An X-ray crystal structure determination confirms that complex 1 is eight-coordinate with a distorted trigonal dodecahedral geometry. It shows typical vivid red Eu(III) emission in the solid state, in solution, and in a polymer matrix. The observed lifetime (τobs) of complex 1 in the solid state, in dichloromethane (DCM) solution, and in thin films is 833.01, 837.95, and 626.16-715.69 μs, respectively, with a photoluminescence quantum yield QEuL ≈ 33% in DCM solution. Complex 2 displays a yellowish-green emission in the solid state (τobs ≈ 36.99 μs), while a near white-light emission in solution (x; 0.2574: y; 0.3371) and in thin films. Therefore, it is a potential candidate for generating single-component white light-emitting materials for solid-state lighting applications. The kinetic scheme for modeling energy-transfer processes shows that the main donor state for 1 is the ligand triplet state (T1) and that energy transfer occurs to both the 5D1 (56.55%) and 5D0 (40.58%) levels. We fabricated a series of single- and double-layer organic light-emitting devices using complex 1. The luminance of the optimized double-layer electroluminescence (EL) device was 373 cd/m2 with very low turn-on voltage of ∼4.2 V. Complex 1 was further utilized as a sensitizer to improve the EL of a red-emitting iridium complex PQ2Ir(dpm) (PQ = phenylquinoly-N,C2′, dpm = dipivaloylmethane). The codoped device achieved a maximum brightness and maximum current efficiency (πc) of 93-224 cd/m2 and 36.38 cd/A, respectively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry