Utilization of microalgal biofractions for bioethanol, higher alcohols, and biodiesel production: A review

Marwa M. El-Dalatony, El Sayed Salama, Mayur B. Kurade, Sedky H.A. Hassan, Sang Eun Oh, Sunjoon Kim, Byong Hun Jeon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass is a crucial energy resource used for the generation of electricity and transportation fuels. Microalgae exhibit a high content of biocomponents which makes them a potential feedstock for the generation of ecofriendly biofuels. Biofuels derived from microalgae are suitable carbon-neutral replacements for petroleum. Fermentation is the major process for metabolic conversion of microalgal biocompounds into biofuels such as bioethanol and higher alcohols. In this review, we explored the use of all three major biocomponents of microalgal biomass including carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids for maximum biofuel generation. Application of several pretreatment methods for enhancement the bioavailability of substrates (simple sugar, amino acid, and fatty acid) was discussed. This review goes one step further to discuss how to direct these biocomponents for the generation of various biofuels (bioethanol, higher alcohol, and biodiesel) through fermentation and transesterification processes. Such an approach would result in the maximum utilization of biomasses for economically feasible biofuel production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2110
JournalEnergies
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Biobutanol
  • Biodiesel
  • Bioethanol
  • Fermentation
  • Microalgae
  • Pretreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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