Use of arsenic contaminated irrigation water for lettuce cropping: Effects on soil, groundwater, and vegetal

Claudio Beni, Simona Marconi, Priscilla Boccia, Alessandra Ciampa, Giampietro Diana, Rita Aromolo, Elena Sturchio, Ulderico Neri, Paolo Sequi, Massimiliano Valentini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study investigated the effects of using arsenic (As) contaminated irrigation water in Lactuca sativa L. cropping. Two different arsenic concentrations, i.e., 25 and 85 μg L-1 and two different soils, i.e., sandy and clay loam, were taken into account. We determined the arsenic mobility in the different soil fractions, its amount in groundwater, and the phytotoxicity and genotoxicity. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and inductively coupled plasma (ICP) were used to assess the lettuce metabolic profile changes and the arsenic uptake by the plant, respectively, as a function of the various conditions studied, i.e., As content and type of soil. Data indicated that at both concentrations in sandy soil, arsenic is in part quickly leached and thus present in groundwater and in part absorbed by the vegetable, being therefore readily available for assimilation by consumption. NMR results reported a large modification of the metabolic pattern, which was depending on the pollutant amount. In clay loam soil, the groundwater had a low As content with respect to sandy soil, and NMR and ICP performed on the lettuce did not reveal severe changes related to As, most likely because the metalloid is bound to the colloidal fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-529
Number of pages12
JournalBiological Trace Element Research
Volume143
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Fingerprint

Araceae
Groundwater
Arsenic
Irrigation
Soil
Soils
Water
Lettuce
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Inductively coupled plasma
Metalloids
Metabolome
Vegetables

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Inductively coupled plasma
  • Irrigation water
  • Lactuca sativa
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Use of arsenic contaminated irrigation water for lettuce cropping : Effects on soil, groundwater, and vegetal. / Beni, Claudio; Marconi, Simona; Boccia, Priscilla; Ciampa, Alessandra; Diana, Giampietro; Aromolo, Rita; Sturchio, Elena; Neri, Ulderico; Sequi, Paolo; Valentini, Massimiliano.

In: Biological Trace Element Research, Vol. 143, No. 1, 10.2011, p. 518-529.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Beni, C, Marconi, S, Boccia, P, Ciampa, A, Diana, G, Aromolo, R, Sturchio, E, Neri, U, Sequi, P & Valentini, M 2011, 'Use of arsenic contaminated irrigation water for lettuce cropping: Effects on soil, groundwater, and vegetal', Biological Trace Element Research, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 518-529. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-010-8862-3
Beni, Claudio ; Marconi, Simona ; Boccia, Priscilla ; Ciampa, Alessandra ; Diana, Giampietro ; Aromolo, Rita ; Sturchio, Elena ; Neri, Ulderico ; Sequi, Paolo ; Valentini, Massimiliano. / Use of arsenic contaminated irrigation water for lettuce cropping : Effects on soil, groundwater, and vegetal. In: Biological Trace Element Research. 2011 ; Vol. 143, No. 1. pp. 518-529.
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