Understanding energy consumption pattern of households in different urban development forms: A comparative study in Bandung City, Indonesia

A. S. Permana, R. Perera, S. Kumar

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38 Citations (Scopus)


Urban development traditionally takes different physical and spatial forms. Taking development control and geographical location as common denominators, there are among others, three generic urban development forms in the cities of developing countries, namely controlled residential cum commercial areas, unplanned peri-urban areas, and planned satellite towns. This study attempts to analyze and compare the quantity of energy consumed for transport, non-cooking and cooking purposes at household level within those three forms of urban development, and for this purpose. Bandung City, Indonesia was selected as the study area. Data on present households' energy consumption were acquired through questionnaire. The results show two major findings in relation with household's energy consumption. Firstly, the unplanned area outweighs planned and controlled areas in terms of energy consumption per unit of income. Secondly, the lower income people spend a higher percentage of income on energy expenses than higher income people.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4287-4297
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Policy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008



  • Controlled residential cum commercial area
  • Satellite town
  • Unplanned peri-urban area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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