Tunable dual-species Bose-Einstein condensates of K 39 and Rb 87

L. Wacker, N. B. Jørgensen, D. Birkmose, R. Horchani, W. Ertmer, C. Klempt, N. Winter, J. Sherson, J. J. Arlt

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Abstract

We present the production of dual-species Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) of K39 and Rb87. Preparation of both species in the F=1,mF=-1 state enabled us to exploit a total of three Feshbach resonances, which allows for simultaneous Feshbach tuning of the K39 intraspecies and the K39-Rb87 interspecies scattering length. Thus dual-species Bose-Einstein condensates were produced by sympathetic cooling of K39 with Rb87. A dark spontaneous force optical trap was used for Rb87 to reduce the losses in K39 due to light-assisted collisions in the optical trapping phase, which can be of benefit for other dual-species experiments. The tunability of the scattering length was used to perform precision spectroscopy of the interspecies Feshbach resonance located at 117.56(2) G and to determine the width of the resonance to 1.21(5) G by rethermalization measurements. The transition region from miscible to immiscible dual-species condensates was investigated and the interspecies background scattering length was determined to 28.5a0 using an empirical model. This paves the way for dual-species experiments with K39 and Rb87 BECs ranging from molecular physics to precision metrology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053602
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume92
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 4 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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