Traditional systems and application of modern irrigation techniques in the Sultanate of Oman

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Abstract

Growing needs and limited water resources have prompted efforts for water conservation in the Sultanate of Oman. The traditional surface irrigation systems of Aflaj provide 71% of the water supply and irrigate 55% of the cropped area with overall efficiencies in the order of 30%. The need for water conservation initiated government efforts to encourage farmers to adopt modern irrigation systems of sprinklers, trickle and bubblers, coupled with agronomic management, institutionalization and augmentation of resources by desalinization, wastewater treatment, fog collection and rainwater harvesting through recharge dams. More areas in the Sultanate are now being put under modern irrigation systems. The government bears up to 75% of the overhead cost for farms less than 4.2 ha. All new allocations of land for agriculture by the government are required to use modern irrigation systems. Nevertheless, modern irrigation systems still comprise less than 10% of the cultivated area in the Sultanate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalAMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America
Volume27
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996

Fingerprint

Oman
irrigation systems
Irrigation
irrigation
Water conservation
Water Resources
water conservation
Institutionalization
Water
Water Supply
Weather
Waste Water
Agriculture
desalination
methodology
dams (hydrology)
surface irrigation
sprinklers
Costs and Cost Analysis
Fog

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "Growing needs and limited water resources have prompted efforts for water conservation in the Sultanate of Oman. The traditional surface irrigation systems of Aflaj provide 71{\%} of the water supply and irrigate 55{\%} of the cropped area with overall efficiencies in the order of 30{\%}. The need for water conservation initiated government efforts to encourage farmers to adopt modern irrigation systems of sprinklers, trickle and bubblers, coupled with agronomic management, institutionalization and augmentation of resources by desalinization, wastewater treatment, fog collection and rainwater harvesting through recharge dams. More areas in the Sultanate are now being put under modern irrigation systems. The government bears up to 75{\%} of the overhead cost for farms less than 4.2 ha. All new allocations of land for agriculture by the government are required to use modern irrigation systems. Nevertheless, modern irrigation systems still comprise less than 10{\%} of the cultivated area in the Sultanate.",
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