Toxicity assessment using different bioassays and microbial biosensors

Sedky H.A. Hassan, Steven W. Van Ginkel, Mohamed A.M. Hussein, Romany Abskharon, Sang Eun Oh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Toxicity assessment of water streams, wastewater, and contaminated sediments, is a very important part of environmental pollution monitoring. Evaluation of biological effects using a rapid, sensitive and cost effective method can indicate specific information on ecotoxicity assessment. Recently, different biological assays for toxicity assessment based on higher and lower organisms such as fish, invertebrates, plants and algal cells, and microbial bioassays have been used. This review focuses on microbial biosensors as an analytical device for environmental, food, and biomedical applications. Different techniques which are commonly used in microbial biosensing include amperometry, potentiometry, conductometry, voltammetry, microbial fuel cells, fluorescence, bioluminescence, and colorimetry. Examples of the use of different microbial biosensors in assessing a variety of environments are summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-118
Number of pages13
JournalEnvironment international
Volume92-93
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioassay
  • Environmental pollution
  • Microbial biosensors
  • Toxicity assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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