To fuse or not to fuse? Reactions of [HM4(CO)12BH]- (M = Fe, Ru) with (phosphine)gold(I) chlorides. Molecular structures of HFe4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3, [Au(PMePh2)2][{HFe4(CO)12BH} 2Au], and [PPN][{HRu4(CO)12BH}2Au]

Sylvia M. Draper, Catherine E. Housecroft, Jacqueline E. Rees, Musa S. Shongwe, Brian S. Haggerty, Arnold L. Rheingold

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Abstract

The reaction of [HFe4(CO)12BH][PPN] (PPN = bis(triphenylphosphine)nitrogen(1+)) with 1 equiv of LAuCl (L = P(2-Me-C6H4)3, P(c-C6H11)3) yields HFe4(CO)12BHAuL, but of these two products only HFe4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3 (1) is stable in solution. Attempts to prepare other monogold derivatives with L = PMe3, PEt3, PMe2Ph, PMePh2 led instead to the ionic product [AuL2][{HFe4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([AuL2][4]), which possesses the same stoichiometry as the target molecule HFe4(CO)12BHAuL but is produced as a result of Au-P bond cleavage and a ligand redistribution reaction. The ruthenium cluster HRu4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3 (2) may be prepared by a corresponding route to that used for 1, but unlike 1, formation of 2 competes not only with formation of [AuL2][{HRu4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([AuL2][5]) but also with that of the digold derivative Ru4(CO)12BHAu2{P(2-Me-C6H 4)3}2 (3). Both 1 and 2 are readily deprotonated by NEt3 with loss of Fe-H-Fe or Ru-H-B protons, respectively. Treatment of [HFe4(C-O)12BH][PPN] with ClAu(dppm)AuCl (dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane) leads to a mixture of the borido cluster HFe4(CO)12Au2(dppm)B (6; 40%) and the salt [PPN][{HFe4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([PPN][4]; 30%), while in the analogous reaction of [HRu4(CO)12BH][PPN] with ClAu(dppm)AuCl, the predominant cluster product is [PPN][5]. The observed results are discussed in terms of (i) the differing sizes of the Fe4 and Ru4 butterfly frameworks and (ii) the steric constraints of the phosphine ligands. The molecular structures of 1, [Au(PMePh2)2][4], and [PPN][5] are presented. 1: triclinic, P1; a = 10.023 (2) Å, b = 12.814 (3) Å, c = 15.231 (4) Å; α = 104.02 (2),° β = 90.47 (2)°, γ = 90.13 (2)°; V = 1897.8 (9) Å3; Z = 2; R(F) = 4.41%. [Au(PMePh2)2][4]: monoclinic, C2/c; a = 21.704 (3) Å, b = 9.542 (2) Å, c = 29.717 (6) Å; β = 97.50 (1)°; V = 6102.0 (19) Å3; Z = 4; R(F) = 4.59%. [PPN][5]: triclinic, P1; a = 9.759 (4) Å, b = 13.898 (5) Å, c = 26.964 (17) Å; α = 96.68 (4)°, β = 97.31 (4)°, γ = 91.78 (4)°; V = 3599 (3) Å3; Z = 2; R(F) = 7.65%. The structure of each of the anions [4]- and [5]- exhibits two cluster subunits fused together in a "face-to-face" orientation via a single gold atom. In [4]- the subunits are mutually cis and there is a spiro twist of 30.9 (5)° at the gold atom. However, in [5]-, the cluster subunits are arranged in a trans configuration, as would be expected on the basis of steric arguments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2356-2367
Number of pages12
JournalOrganometallics
Volume11
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1992

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Electric fuses
Carbon Monoxide
phosphines
Gold
Molecular structure
Chlorides
molecular structure
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ruthenium
atoms
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  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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To fuse or not to fuse? Reactions of [HM4(CO)12BH]- (M = Fe, Ru) with (phosphine)gold(I) chlorides. Molecular structures of HFe4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3, [Au(PMePh2)2][{HFe4(CO)12BH} 2Au], and [PPN][{HRu4(CO)12BH}2Au]. / Draper, Sylvia M.; Housecroft, Catherine E.; Rees, Jacqueline E.; Shongwe, Musa S.; Haggerty, Brian S.; Rheingold, Arnold L.

In: Organometallics, Vol. 11, No. 7, 1992, p. 2356-2367.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8dfaffa72baa48128a10d7cc6855950e,
title = "To fuse or not to fuse? Reactions of [HM4(CO)12BH]- (M = Fe, Ru) with (phosphine)gold(I) chlorides. Molecular structures of HFe4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3, [Au(PMePh2)2][{HFe4(CO)12BH} 2Au], and [PPN][{HRu4(CO)12BH}2Au]",
abstract = "The reaction of [HFe4(CO)12BH][PPN] (PPN = bis(triphenylphosphine)nitrogen(1+)) with 1 equiv of LAuCl (L = P(2-Me-C6H4)3, P(c-C6H11)3) yields HFe4(CO)12BHAuL, but of these two products only HFe4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3 (1) is stable in solution. Attempts to prepare other monogold derivatives with L = PMe3, PEt3, PMe2Ph, PMePh2 led instead to the ionic product [AuL2][{HFe4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([AuL2][4]), which possesses the same stoichiometry as the target molecule HFe4(CO)12BHAuL but is produced as a result of Au-P bond cleavage and a ligand redistribution reaction. The ruthenium cluster HRu4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3 (2) may be prepared by a corresponding route to that used for 1, but unlike 1, formation of 2 competes not only with formation of [AuL2][{HRu4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([AuL2][5]) but also with that of the digold derivative Ru4(CO)12BHAu2{P(2-Me-C6H 4)3}2 (3). Both 1 and 2 are readily deprotonated by NEt3 with loss of Fe-H-Fe or Ru-H-B protons, respectively. Treatment of [HFe4(C-O)12BH][PPN] with ClAu(dppm)AuCl (dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane) leads to a mixture of the borido cluster HFe4(CO)12Au2(dppm)B (6; 40{\%}) and the salt [PPN][{HFe4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([PPN][4]; 30{\%}), while in the analogous reaction of [HRu4(CO)12BH][PPN] with ClAu(dppm)AuCl, the predominant cluster product is [PPN][5]. The observed results are discussed in terms of (i) the differing sizes of the Fe4 and Ru4 butterfly frameworks and (ii) the steric constraints of the phosphine ligands. The molecular structures of 1, [Au(PMePh2)2][4], and [PPN][5] are presented. 1: triclinic, P1; a = 10.023 (2) {\AA}, b = 12.814 (3) {\AA}, c = 15.231 (4) {\AA}; α = 104.02 (2),° β = 90.47 (2)°, γ = 90.13 (2)°; V = 1897.8 (9) {\AA}3; Z = 2; R(F) = 4.41{\%}. [Au(PMePh2)2][4]: monoclinic, C2/c; a = 21.704 (3) {\AA}, b = 9.542 (2) {\AA}, c = 29.717 (6) {\AA}; β = 97.50 (1)°; V = 6102.0 (19) {\AA}3; Z = 4; R(F) = 4.59{\%}. [PPN][5]: triclinic, P1; a = 9.759 (4) {\AA}, b = 13.898 (5) {\AA}, c = 26.964 (17) {\AA}; α = 96.68 (4)°, β = 97.31 (4)°, γ = 91.78 (4)°; V = 3599 (3) {\AA}3; Z = 2; R(F) = 7.65{\%}. The structure of each of the anions [4]- and [5]- exhibits two cluster subunits fused together in a {"}face-to-face{"} orientation via a single gold atom. In [4]- the subunits are mutually cis and there is a spiro twist of 30.9 (5)° at the gold atom. However, in [5]-, the cluster subunits are arranged in a trans configuration, as would be expected on the basis of steric arguments.",
author = "Draper, {Sylvia M.} and Housecroft, {Catherine E.} and Rees, {Jacqueline E.} and Shongwe, {Musa S.} and Haggerty, {Brian S.} and Rheingold, {Arnold L.}",
year = "1992",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "2356--2367",
journal = "Organometallics",
issn = "0276-7333",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - To fuse or not to fuse? Reactions of [HM4(CO)12BH]- (M = Fe, Ru) with (phosphine)gold(I) chlorides. Molecular structures of HFe4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3, [Au(PMePh2)2][{HFe4(CO)12BH} 2Au], and [PPN][{HRu4(CO)12BH}2Au]

AU - Draper, Sylvia M.

AU - Housecroft, Catherine E.

AU - Rees, Jacqueline E.

AU - Shongwe, Musa S.

AU - Haggerty, Brian S.

AU - Rheingold, Arnold L.

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - The reaction of [HFe4(CO)12BH][PPN] (PPN = bis(triphenylphosphine)nitrogen(1+)) with 1 equiv of LAuCl (L = P(2-Me-C6H4)3, P(c-C6H11)3) yields HFe4(CO)12BHAuL, but of these two products only HFe4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3 (1) is stable in solution. Attempts to prepare other monogold derivatives with L = PMe3, PEt3, PMe2Ph, PMePh2 led instead to the ionic product [AuL2][{HFe4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([AuL2][4]), which possesses the same stoichiometry as the target molecule HFe4(CO)12BHAuL but is produced as a result of Au-P bond cleavage and a ligand redistribution reaction. The ruthenium cluster HRu4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3 (2) may be prepared by a corresponding route to that used for 1, but unlike 1, formation of 2 competes not only with formation of [AuL2][{HRu4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([AuL2][5]) but also with that of the digold derivative Ru4(CO)12BHAu2{P(2-Me-C6H 4)3}2 (3). Both 1 and 2 are readily deprotonated by NEt3 with loss of Fe-H-Fe or Ru-H-B protons, respectively. Treatment of [HFe4(C-O)12BH][PPN] with ClAu(dppm)AuCl (dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane) leads to a mixture of the borido cluster HFe4(CO)12Au2(dppm)B (6; 40%) and the salt [PPN][{HFe4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([PPN][4]; 30%), while in the analogous reaction of [HRu4(CO)12BH][PPN] with ClAu(dppm)AuCl, the predominant cluster product is [PPN][5]. The observed results are discussed in terms of (i) the differing sizes of the Fe4 and Ru4 butterfly frameworks and (ii) the steric constraints of the phosphine ligands. The molecular structures of 1, [Au(PMePh2)2][4], and [PPN][5] are presented. 1: triclinic, P1; a = 10.023 (2) Å, b = 12.814 (3) Å, c = 15.231 (4) Å; α = 104.02 (2),° β = 90.47 (2)°, γ = 90.13 (2)°; V = 1897.8 (9) Å3; Z = 2; R(F) = 4.41%. [Au(PMePh2)2][4]: monoclinic, C2/c; a = 21.704 (3) Å, b = 9.542 (2) Å, c = 29.717 (6) Å; β = 97.50 (1)°; V = 6102.0 (19) Å3; Z = 4; R(F) = 4.59%. [PPN][5]: triclinic, P1; a = 9.759 (4) Å, b = 13.898 (5) Å, c = 26.964 (17) Å; α = 96.68 (4)°, β = 97.31 (4)°, γ = 91.78 (4)°; V = 3599 (3) Å3; Z = 2; R(F) = 7.65%. The structure of each of the anions [4]- and [5]- exhibits two cluster subunits fused together in a "face-to-face" orientation via a single gold atom. In [4]- the subunits are mutually cis and there is a spiro twist of 30.9 (5)° at the gold atom. However, in [5]-, the cluster subunits are arranged in a trans configuration, as would be expected on the basis of steric arguments.

AB - The reaction of [HFe4(CO)12BH][PPN] (PPN = bis(triphenylphosphine)nitrogen(1+)) with 1 equiv of LAuCl (L = P(2-Me-C6H4)3, P(c-C6H11)3) yields HFe4(CO)12BHAuL, but of these two products only HFe4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3 (1) is stable in solution. Attempts to prepare other monogold derivatives with L = PMe3, PEt3, PMe2Ph, PMePh2 led instead to the ionic product [AuL2][{HFe4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([AuL2][4]), which possesses the same stoichiometry as the target molecule HFe4(CO)12BHAuL but is produced as a result of Au-P bond cleavage and a ligand redistribution reaction. The ruthenium cluster HRu4(CO)12BHAuP(2-Me-C6H4) 3 (2) may be prepared by a corresponding route to that used for 1, but unlike 1, formation of 2 competes not only with formation of [AuL2][{HRu4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([AuL2][5]) but also with that of the digold derivative Ru4(CO)12BHAu2{P(2-Me-C6H 4)3}2 (3). Both 1 and 2 are readily deprotonated by NEt3 with loss of Fe-H-Fe or Ru-H-B protons, respectively. Treatment of [HFe4(C-O)12BH][PPN] with ClAu(dppm)AuCl (dppm = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane) leads to a mixture of the borido cluster HFe4(CO)12Au2(dppm)B (6; 40%) and the salt [PPN][{HFe4(CO)12BH}2Au] ([PPN][4]; 30%), while in the analogous reaction of [HRu4(CO)12BH][PPN] with ClAu(dppm)AuCl, the predominant cluster product is [PPN][5]. The observed results are discussed in terms of (i) the differing sizes of the Fe4 and Ru4 butterfly frameworks and (ii) the steric constraints of the phosphine ligands. The molecular structures of 1, [Au(PMePh2)2][4], and [PPN][5] are presented. 1: triclinic, P1; a = 10.023 (2) Å, b = 12.814 (3) Å, c = 15.231 (4) Å; α = 104.02 (2),° β = 90.47 (2)°, γ = 90.13 (2)°; V = 1897.8 (9) Å3; Z = 2; R(F) = 4.41%. [Au(PMePh2)2][4]: monoclinic, C2/c; a = 21.704 (3) Å, b = 9.542 (2) Å, c = 29.717 (6) Å; β = 97.50 (1)°; V = 6102.0 (19) Å3; Z = 4; R(F) = 4.59%. [PPN][5]: triclinic, P1; a = 9.759 (4) Å, b = 13.898 (5) Å, c = 26.964 (17) Å; α = 96.68 (4)°, β = 97.31 (4)°, γ = 91.78 (4)°; V = 3599 (3) Å3; Z = 2; R(F) = 7.65%. The structure of each of the anions [4]- and [5]- exhibits two cluster subunits fused together in a "face-to-face" orientation via a single gold atom. In [4]- the subunits are mutually cis and there is a spiro twist of 30.9 (5)° at the gold atom. However, in [5]-, the cluster subunits are arranged in a trans configuration, as would be expected on the basis of steric arguments.

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M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 2356

EP - 2367

JO - Organometallics

JF - Organometallics

SN - 0276-7333

IS - 7

ER -