Thermally induced two-step, two-site incomplete 6A1 ↔ 2T2 crossover in a mononuclear iron(III) phenolate-pyridyl Schiff-base complex

A rare crystallographic observation of the coexistence of pure S = 5/2 and 1/2 metal centers in the asymmetric unit

Musa S. Shongwe, Badria A. Al-Rashdi, Harry Adams, Michael J. Morris, Masahiro Mikuriya, Giovanni R. Hearne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The six-coordinate mononuclear iron(III) complexes [Fe(salpm) 2]ClO4·0.5EtOH, [Fe(salpm)2]Cl, [Fe{(3,5-tBu2)-salpm}2]X (X = ClO 4 - or Cl-), and [Fe{(3,5-tBu 2)-salpm}2]NO3·2H2O [Hsalpm = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-salicylideneamine; H(3,5-tBu 2)-salpm = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylideneamine] have been synthesized and isolated in crystalline form; their chemical identities have been ascertained by elemental analyses, FAB mass spectrometry, and infrared spectroscopy. The room-temperature effective magnetic moments [(8χMT)1/2 ∼ 5.85-5.90 μB] of these complexes are consistent with the high-spin (S = 5/2) ground state. These complexes are intensely colored on account of the strong pπ → dπ* LMCT visible absorptions. Definitive evidence for the structures of [Fe(salpm)2]ClO4·0.5EtOH and [Fe{(3,5-tBu2)-salpm}2]NO3· 2H2O has been provided by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The monomeric complex cations in both compounds comprise two uninegative phenolate-pyridyl tridentate Schiff-base ligands coordinated meridionally to the iron(III) to afford a distorted octahedral geometry with a trans,cis,cis- [FeO2N4] core. Whereas [Fe(salpm)2]ClO 4·0.5EtOH undergoes a thermally induced 6A 12T2 crossover, [Fe{(3,5- tBu2)-salpm}2]NO3·2H 2O retains its spin state in the solid state down to 5 K. However, EPR spectroscopy reveals that the latter complex does exhibit a spin transformation in solution, albeit to a much lesser extent than does the former. The spin crossover in [Fe(salpm)2]ClO4·0.5EtOH has resulted in an unprecedented crystallographic observation of the coexistence of high-spin and tow-spin iron(III) complex cations in equal proportions around 100 K. At room temperature, the two crystallographically distinct ferric centers are both high spin; however, one [Fe(salpm)2]+ complex cation undergoes a complete spin transition over the temperature range ∼200-100 K, whereas the other converts very nearly completely between 100 and 65 K; ∼10% of the complex cations in [Fe(salpm)2]ClO 4·0.5EtOH remain in the high-spin state down to 5 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9558-9568
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume46
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 12 2007

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Schiff Bases
imines
Cations
crossovers
Iron
Metals
iron
metals
cations
X ray crystallography
Magnetic moments
Temperature
Ground state
Mass spectrometry
Paramagnetic resonance
Infrared spectroscopy
Single crystals
Spectroscopy
Crystalline materials
Ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

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Thermally induced two-step, two-site incomplete 6A1 ↔ 2T2 crossover in a mononuclear iron(III) phenolate-pyridyl Schiff-base complex : A rare crystallographic observation of the coexistence of pure S = 5/2 and 1/2 metal centers in the asymmetric unit. / Shongwe, Musa S.; Al-Rashdi, Badria A.; Adams, Harry; Morris, Michael J.; Mikuriya, Masahiro; Hearne, Giovanni R.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 23, 12.11.2007, p. 9558-9568.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Thermally induced two-step, two-site incomplete 6A1 ↔ 2T2 crossover in a mononuclear iron(III) phenolate-pyridyl Schiff-base complex: A rare crystallographic observation of the coexistence of pure S = 5/2 and 1/2 metal centers in the asymmetric unit",
abstract = "The six-coordinate mononuclear iron(III) complexes [Fe(salpm) 2]ClO4·0.5EtOH, [Fe(salpm)2]Cl, [Fe{(3,5-tBu2)-salpm}2]X (X = ClO 4 - or Cl-), and [Fe{(3,5-tBu 2)-salpm}2]NO3·2H2O [Hsalpm = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-salicylideneamine; H(3,5-tBu 2)-salpm = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylideneamine] have been synthesized and isolated in crystalline form; their chemical identities have been ascertained by elemental analyses, FAB mass spectrometry, and infrared spectroscopy. The room-temperature effective magnetic moments [(8χMT)1/2 ∼ 5.85-5.90 μB] of these complexes are consistent with the high-spin (S = 5/2) ground state. These complexes are intensely colored on account of the strong pπ → dπ* LMCT visible absorptions. Definitive evidence for the structures of [Fe(salpm)2]ClO4·0.5EtOH and [Fe{(3,5-tBu2)-salpm}2]NO3· 2H2O has been provided by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The monomeric complex cations in both compounds comprise two uninegative phenolate-pyridyl tridentate Schiff-base ligands coordinated meridionally to the iron(III) to afford a distorted octahedral geometry with a trans,cis,cis- [FeO2N4] core. Whereas [Fe(salpm)2]ClO 4·0.5EtOH undergoes a thermally induced 6A 1 ↔ 2T2 crossover, [Fe{(3,5- tBu2)-salpm}2]NO3·2H 2O retains its spin state in the solid state down to 5 K. However, EPR spectroscopy reveals that the latter complex does exhibit a spin transformation in solution, albeit to a much lesser extent than does the former. The spin crossover in [Fe(salpm)2]ClO4·0.5EtOH has resulted in an unprecedented crystallographic observation of the coexistence of high-spin and tow-spin iron(III) complex cations in equal proportions around 100 K. At room temperature, the two crystallographically distinct ferric centers are both high spin; however, one [Fe(salpm)2]+ complex cation undergoes a complete spin transition over the temperature range ∼200-100 K, whereas the other converts very nearly completely between 100 and 65 K; ∼10{\%} of the complex cations in [Fe(salpm)2]ClO 4·0.5EtOH remain in the high-spin state down to 5 K.",
author = "Shongwe, {Musa S.} and Al-Rashdi, {Badria A.} and Harry Adams and Morris, {Michael J.} and Masahiro Mikuriya and Hearne, {Giovanni R.}",
year = "2007",
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T1 - Thermally induced two-step, two-site incomplete 6A1 ↔ 2T2 crossover in a mononuclear iron(III) phenolate-pyridyl Schiff-base complex

T2 - A rare crystallographic observation of the coexistence of pure S = 5/2 and 1/2 metal centers in the asymmetric unit

AU - Shongwe, Musa S.

AU - Al-Rashdi, Badria A.

AU - Adams, Harry

AU - Morris, Michael J.

AU - Mikuriya, Masahiro

AU - Hearne, Giovanni R.

PY - 2007/11/12

Y1 - 2007/11/12

N2 - The six-coordinate mononuclear iron(III) complexes [Fe(salpm) 2]ClO4·0.5EtOH, [Fe(salpm)2]Cl, [Fe{(3,5-tBu2)-salpm}2]X (X = ClO 4 - or Cl-), and [Fe{(3,5-tBu 2)-salpm}2]NO3·2H2O [Hsalpm = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-salicylideneamine; H(3,5-tBu 2)-salpm = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylideneamine] have been synthesized and isolated in crystalline form; their chemical identities have been ascertained by elemental analyses, FAB mass spectrometry, and infrared spectroscopy. The room-temperature effective magnetic moments [(8χMT)1/2 ∼ 5.85-5.90 μB] of these complexes are consistent with the high-spin (S = 5/2) ground state. These complexes are intensely colored on account of the strong pπ → dπ* LMCT visible absorptions. Definitive evidence for the structures of [Fe(salpm)2]ClO4·0.5EtOH and [Fe{(3,5-tBu2)-salpm}2]NO3· 2H2O has been provided by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The monomeric complex cations in both compounds comprise two uninegative phenolate-pyridyl tridentate Schiff-base ligands coordinated meridionally to the iron(III) to afford a distorted octahedral geometry with a trans,cis,cis- [FeO2N4] core. Whereas [Fe(salpm)2]ClO 4·0.5EtOH undergoes a thermally induced 6A 1 ↔ 2T2 crossover, [Fe{(3,5- tBu2)-salpm}2]NO3·2H 2O retains its spin state in the solid state down to 5 K. However, EPR spectroscopy reveals that the latter complex does exhibit a spin transformation in solution, albeit to a much lesser extent than does the former. The spin crossover in [Fe(salpm)2]ClO4·0.5EtOH has resulted in an unprecedented crystallographic observation of the coexistence of high-spin and tow-spin iron(III) complex cations in equal proportions around 100 K. At room temperature, the two crystallographically distinct ferric centers are both high spin; however, one [Fe(salpm)2]+ complex cation undergoes a complete spin transition over the temperature range ∼200-100 K, whereas the other converts very nearly completely between 100 and 65 K; ∼10% of the complex cations in [Fe(salpm)2]ClO 4·0.5EtOH remain in the high-spin state down to 5 K.

AB - The six-coordinate mononuclear iron(III) complexes [Fe(salpm) 2]ClO4·0.5EtOH, [Fe(salpm)2]Cl, [Fe{(3,5-tBu2)-salpm}2]X (X = ClO 4 - or Cl-), and [Fe{(3,5-tBu 2)-salpm}2]NO3·2H2O [Hsalpm = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-salicylideneamine; H(3,5-tBu 2)-salpm = N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-3,5-di-tert-butylsalicylideneamine] have been synthesized and isolated in crystalline form; their chemical identities have been ascertained by elemental analyses, FAB mass spectrometry, and infrared spectroscopy. The room-temperature effective magnetic moments [(8χMT)1/2 ∼ 5.85-5.90 μB] of these complexes are consistent with the high-spin (S = 5/2) ground state. These complexes are intensely colored on account of the strong pπ → dπ* LMCT visible absorptions. Definitive evidence for the structures of [Fe(salpm)2]ClO4·0.5EtOH and [Fe{(3,5-tBu2)-salpm}2]NO3· 2H2O has been provided by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The monomeric complex cations in both compounds comprise two uninegative phenolate-pyridyl tridentate Schiff-base ligands coordinated meridionally to the iron(III) to afford a distorted octahedral geometry with a trans,cis,cis- [FeO2N4] core. Whereas [Fe(salpm)2]ClO 4·0.5EtOH undergoes a thermally induced 6A 1 ↔ 2T2 crossover, [Fe{(3,5- tBu2)-salpm}2]NO3·2H 2O retains its spin state in the solid state down to 5 K. However, EPR spectroscopy reveals that the latter complex does exhibit a spin transformation in solution, albeit to a much lesser extent than does the former. The spin crossover in [Fe(salpm)2]ClO4·0.5EtOH has resulted in an unprecedented crystallographic observation of the coexistence of high-spin and tow-spin iron(III) complex cations in equal proportions around 100 K. At room temperature, the two crystallographically distinct ferric centers are both high spin; however, one [Fe(salpm)2]+ complex cation undergoes a complete spin transition over the temperature range ∼200-100 K, whereas the other converts very nearly completely between 100 and 65 K; ∼10% of the complex cations in [Fe(salpm)2]ClO 4·0.5EtOH remain in the high-spin state down to 5 K.

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