The ZEUS calorimeter first level trigger

S. Silverstein, I. Ali, B. Behrens, C. Foudas, C. Fordham, A. Goussiou, M. Jaworski, J. Lackey, D. Reeder, P. Robl, W. H. Smith, A. Vaiciulis, M. Wodarczyk, J. Dawson, D. Krakauer, R. Talaga, J. Schlereth, H. Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An overview of the ZEUS calorimeter first level trigger is presented. The CFLT uses a pipelined architecture to accept and analyze calorimeter data for every 96 ns beam crossing interval. PMT signals are combined by analog electronics into electromagnetic and hadronic sums for 896 trigger towers. The analog sums are then digitized and analyzed. The CFLT determines the total, transverse, and missing transverse energy, identifies isolated electrons and muons, and sums energies in programmable subregions. Calculations are performed in 96 ns steps, and new data are accepted for every beam crossing. Trigger data are forwarded to the global first level trigger (GFLT) after 2 μs, allowing a GFLT accept to be issued 5 μs after the beam crossing which produced the event. Important features of the CFLT include a 12-bit effective dynamic range, extensive use of memory lookup tables for trigger calculations, fast pattern searches for isolated leptons, and low electronics noise. During the 1993 HERA run, the CFLT reduced a 50 kHz background rate to around 100 Hz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-324
Number of pages3
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume360
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1995

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Calorimeters
calorimeters
Electronic equipment
actuators
Table lookup
Towers
Data storage equipment
Electrons
analogs
towers
electronics
dynamic range
leptons
muons
electromagnetism
intervals
energy
electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

The ZEUS calorimeter first level trigger. / Silverstein, S.; Ali, I.; Behrens, B.; Foudas, C.; Fordham, C.; Goussiou, A.; Jaworski, M.; Lackey, J.; Reeder, D.; Robl, P.; Smith, W. H.; Vaiciulis, A.; Wodarczyk, M.; Dawson, J.; Krakauer, D.; Talaga, R.; Schlereth, J.; Zhang, H.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 360, No. 1-2, 01.06.1995, p. 322-324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silverstein, S, Ali, I, Behrens, B, Foudas, C, Fordham, C, Goussiou, A, Jaworski, M, Lackey, J, Reeder, D, Robl, P, Smith, WH, Vaiciulis, A, Wodarczyk, M, Dawson, J, Krakauer, D, Talaga, R, Schlereth, J & Zhang, H 1995, 'The ZEUS calorimeter first level trigger', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 360, no. 1-2, pp. 322-324. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9002(94)01618-6
Silverstein, S. ; Ali, I. ; Behrens, B. ; Foudas, C. ; Fordham, C. ; Goussiou, A. ; Jaworski, M. ; Lackey, J. ; Reeder, D. ; Robl, P. ; Smith, W. H. ; Vaiciulis, A. ; Wodarczyk, M. ; Dawson, J. ; Krakauer, D. ; Talaga, R. ; Schlereth, J. ; Zhang, H. / The ZEUS calorimeter first level trigger. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 1995 ; Vol. 360, No. 1-2. pp. 322-324.
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