The study of simultaneous bilateral ocular trauma in Northern India: clinical presentation, epidemiology and patterns of injury

Rajendra Prakash Maurya*, Virendra Pratap Singh, Syeed Mehbub Ul Kadir, Jayant Kumar Das, Sanjay Kumar Bosak, Manish Kumar Prajapat, Meghna Roy, Brijesh Kumar Kushwaha, Anil Kumar, Abdullah Al-Mujaini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study is aimed to determine the frequency, sociodemographic profile, clinical presentation, patterns of injury, treatment and outcomes of cases of simultaneous bilateral ocular trauma treated in a teaching hospital of Northern India. Methods: This retrospective study was conducted from May 2015 to April 2019. The medical records of patients presenting with bilateral ocular injuries were reviewed. Results: Among the 402 patients presenting with ocular injuries, 34 (8.5%) had simultaneous bilateral ocular trauma. The majority were male (70.6%), and the mean age was 26.82 ± 15.86 years (range: 2–70 years). The most frequently affected age group has been 16–25 years (35.3%). Most injuries occurred away from home (64.7%), mainly on roads (32.4%) or playgrounds (14.7%), and the vast majority (91.2%) were non-occupational in nature. Mechanical injuries were most frequent (47.1%), followed by cracker (17.7%), chemical (17.7%) and thermal (11.8%) injuries. Most cases occurred due to assault (26.5%), road traffic injury (20.6%) or sports/recreational activities (17.7%). The majority of victims were not using protective devices at the time of injury (82.4%) and had associated polytrauma (58.8%). Closed and open globe injuries accounted for 29.4% and 14.7% of cases, respectively, mostly involving zones I (55.0%) and II (40.0%). Orbital fractures occurred in 27.9% of eyes. Category I and II ocular trauma scores were noted in 5.9% and 7.4% of eyes, respectively. Overall, 13.2% were blinded as a result of the trauma. Conclusion: Simultaneous bilateral ocular trauma is rare and occurs mostly following road traffic accidents, assault or recreational activities. In particular, young-adult males are more prone to bilateral ocular injuries, the majority of which are severe and associated with poor outcomes. The study also highlights that poor initial visual acuity, multiple ocular structure involvement, large open globe injury, presence of intraocular hemorrhage, posterior segment injury, multiple orbital fractures and lower OTS were the poor prognostic factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Ophthalmology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assault
  • Bilateral ocular trauma
  • Injury
  • Polytrauma
  • Road traffic injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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