The role of chronic physical illness and job dissatisfaction on burnout’s risk among medical interns in Oman: a study of prevalence and determinants

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Abstract

Abstract
Background: Medical interns are at risk of burnout due to several organizational and individual factors. There is
scarcity of studies exploring the role of chronic physical illness and job dissatisfaction on burnout experience among
medical interns. This study examined the prevalence of burnout syndrome and explored whether chronic physical
illness and job dissatisfaction could independently predict burnout syndrome among medical interns in Oman. This
cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of medical interns enrolled in the Omani internship
program. One-hundred and eighty interns participated in this study and flled in a self-reported questionnaire that
included Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Job Satisfaction Survey (JSS), and data related to physical illness.
Results: The prevalence of burnout syndrome was 15%. Having a physical illness (OR=7.285, 95% CI=1.976–26.857,
P=0.003) and job dissatisfaction (OR=16.488, 95% CI=5.371–50.614, P=0.0001) was signifcant independent
predictors of high levels of the EE subscale. In addition, having a physical illness (OR=4.678, 95% CI=1.498–14.608,
P=0.008) and being dissatisfed (OR=2.900, 95% CI=11.159–7.257, P=0.023) were signifcant independent predic‑
tors of the high DP subscale. Having physical illness was independent predictors of the low personal accomplishment
subscale (OR=0.258, 95% CI=0.088–0.759, P=0.014).
Conclusions: Burnout syndrome is prevalent among medical interns in Oman. Job dissatisfaction and chronic physi‑
cal illness are risk factors for burnout syndrome. Internship programs should consider these factors when designing
burnout mitigative strategies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMiddle East Current Psychiatry
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Medical interns, Burnout syndrome, Job satisfaction, Chronic physical illness, Oman

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