The relative abundance of pupae of three blackfly species (Simulium spp.) on different diameters of strings

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relative abundance of 3 black-fly species Simulium hargreavesi, S. cervicornutum and S. damnosum s.l. occupying 4 sizes of polythene strings (0.4, 1.5, 2.5 and 5 mm diam.) were studied in the river Assob, Nigeria. An analysis voortof variance showed no discernible substrate preference for S. damnosum s.l. However, S. hargreavesi and S. cervicornutum were most abundant on the large diameter strings, because of their greater surface area available for colonisation. When the abundance per unit area was calculated, the 2 species showed no significant preference for the small, medium and large diameter strings. However, the very small strings were preferred by both species, but especially by S. cervicornutum, despite the mean cocoon size of both species being greater than the string circumference. Cotton string (2.5 mm diam.) was markedly less attractive to all three species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-128
Number of pages4
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1983

Fingerprint

Simulium
Simuliidae
pupa
pupae
relative abundance
Simulium damnosum
cocoons
Nigeria
surface area
cotton
analysis of variance
rivers
substrate preference
cocoon
variance analysis
colonization
river

Keywords

  • Abundance on strings
  • Blackflies
  • Diptera
  • Simuliidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

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title = "The relative abundance of pupae of three blackfly species (Simulium spp.) on different diameters of strings",
abstract = "The relative abundance of 3 black-fly species Simulium hargreavesi, S. cervicornutum and S. damnosum s.l. occupying 4 sizes of polythene strings (0.4, 1.5, 2.5 and 5 mm diam.) were studied in the river Assob, Nigeria. An analysis voortof variance showed no discernible substrate preference for S. damnosum s.l. However, S. hargreavesi and S. cervicornutum were most abundant on the large diameter strings, because of their greater surface area available for colonisation. When the abundance per unit area was calculated, the 2 species showed no significant preference for the small, medium and large diameter strings. However, the very small strings were preferred by both species, but especially by S. cervicornutum, despite the mean cocoon size of both species being greater than the string circumference. Cotton string (2.5 mm diam.) was markedly less attractive to all three species.",
keywords = "Abundance on strings, Blackflies, Diptera, Simuliidae",
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AB - The relative abundance of 3 black-fly species Simulium hargreavesi, S. cervicornutum and S. damnosum s.l. occupying 4 sizes of polythene strings (0.4, 1.5, 2.5 and 5 mm diam.) were studied in the river Assob, Nigeria. An analysis voortof variance showed no discernible substrate preference for S. damnosum s.l. However, S. hargreavesi and S. cervicornutum were most abundant on the large diameter strings, because of their greater surface area available for colonisation. When the abundance per unit area was calculated, the 2 species showed no significant preference for the small, medium and large diameter strings. However, the very small strings were preferred by both species, but especially by S. cervicornutum, despite the mean cocoon size of both species being greater than the string circumference. Cotton string (2.5 mm diam.) was markedly less attractive to all three species.

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