The islamic ethics of mitochondria transplantation

Anke Iman Bouzenita, Mohamed Elwathig S. Mirghani, Irwandi Jaswir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Biotechnology has opened a new chapter with the advent of mitochondria transplantation for cell-based therapy. Mitochondrial transplantation has successfully led to birth; however, cytoplasmic transplantation has caused apprehension since the mixing of human ooplasm from two different maternal sources may generate mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) heteroplasmy in the offspring. Most Islamic legal verdicts on human cloning and somatic cell transfer are explicit as to its prohibition, due to the change of creation, mixing of lineage and other evaluations. Is mitochondria transplantation equivalent to human cloning in that genetic information is proliferated and does it, therefore, take the same legal rule? Are there possible benefits (maşālih) for medical treatment that may render mitochondria transplantation permissible, or are possible harms (mafasid) overweighing? Or is it a completely different procedure, taking a different rule? The paper will investigate into these questions and discuss the dimensions of Islamic ethics on the issue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-46
Number of pages5
JournalIIUM Engineering Journal
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Benefits (ma?ali?)
  • DNA
  • Genome
  • Harms (mafasid)
  • Heteroplasmy
  • Islamic ethics
  • Mitochondria
  • Organelle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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  • Cite this

    Bouzenita, A. I., Mirghani, M. E. S., & Jaswir, I. (2017). The islamic ethics of mitochondria transplantation. IIUM Engineering Journal, 18(2), 42-46.