In this paper, a multiprocessor interconnection topology, the hyperstar, based on the Cartesian product of star graphs is studied. The basic properties of the hyperstar are discussed and proved. This includes reduced degree and diameter, hierarchical structure, vertex symmetry, optimal routing, and shortest path characterization. The hyperstar is shown to be a member of the Cayley class of symmetric graphs. Embeddings of hypercubes, star graphs, and meshes are discussed. An optimal one-to-all broadcasting algorithm is obtained and analyzed. Some results on fault tolerance, parallel paths, Hamiltonian cycles, and VLSI layouts are obtained. Furthermore, a comparative study between the hyperstar and seven related networks is conducted. The comparison is based on scalability, broadcasting cost, link requirements, cost/performance ratio, and other static parameters such as degree, diameter, and average diameter.
- Cartesian product networks; embedding; interconnection networks; star graph.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Artificial Intelligence