The electronic and magnetic properties of FCC iron clusters in FCC 4D metals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electronic and magnetic structures of small FCC iron clusters in FCC Rh, Pd and Ag were calculated using the discrete variational method as a function of cluster size and lattice relaxation. It was found that unrelaxed iron clusters, remain ferromagnetic as the cluster sizes increase, while for relaxed clusters antiferromagnetism develops as the size increases depending on the host metal. For iron in Rh the magnetic structure changes from ferromagnetic to antiferromagnetic for clusters as small as 13 Fe atoms, whereas for Fe in Ag antiferromagnetism is exhibited for clusters of 24 Fe atoms. On the hand, for Fe in Pd the transition from ferromagnetism to antiferromagnetism occurs for clusters as large as 42 Fe atoms. The difference in the magnetic trends of these Fe clusters is related to the electronic properties of the underlying metallic matrix. The local d densities of states, the magnetic moments and hyperfine parameters are calculated in the ferromagnetic and the antiferromagnetic regions. In addition, the average local moment in iron-palladium alloys is calculated and compared to experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-15
Number of pages13
JournalHyperfine Interactions
Volume164
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2006

Fingerprint

Antiferromagnetism
Electronic properties
Magnetic properties
Iron
Metals
Magnetic structure
magnetic properties
iron
Atoms
electronics
metals
Palladium alloys
Iron alloys
Ferromagnetism
antiferromagnetism
Magnetic moments
Electronic structure
palladium alloys
atoms
iron alloys

Keywords

  • 4d host
  • Cluster
  • Density of states
  • Hyperfine fine field
  • Impurity
  • Iron
  • Isomer shift
  • Magnetic moment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

The electronic and magnetic properties of FCC iron clusters in FCC 4D metals. / Elzain, M. E.; Yousif, A. A.; Al Rawas, A. D.; Gismelseed, A. M.; Widatallah, H.; Bouziani, K.; Al-Omari, I.

In: Hyperfine Interactions, Vol. 164, No. 1-4, 07.2006, p. 3-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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