TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of maps permutation on the global attractor of a periodic Beverton–Holt model

AU - Al-Ghassani, Asma S.

AU - AlSharawi, Ziyad

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.

PY - 2020/4/1

Y1 - 2020/4/1

N2 - Consider a p-periodic difference equation xn+1=fn(xn) with a global attractor. How does a permutation [fσ(p−1),…,fσ(1),fσ(0)] of the maps affect the global attractor? In this paper, we limit this general question to the Beverton–Holt model with p-periodic harvesting. We fix a set of harvesting quotas and give ourselves the liberty to permute them. The total harvesting yield is unchanged by the permutation, but the population geometric-mean may fluctuate. We investigate this notion and characterize the cases in which a permutation of the harvesting quotas has no effect or tangible effect on the population geometric-mean. In particular, as long as persistence is assured, all permutations within the dihedral group give same population geometric-mean. Other permutations may change the population geometric-mean. A characterization theorem has been obtained based on block reflections in the harvesting quotas. Finally, we associate directed graphs to the various permutations, then give the complete characterization when the periodicity of the system is four or five.

AB - Consider a p-periodic difference equation xn+1=fn(xn) with a global attractor. How does a permutation [fσ(p−1),…,fσ(1),fσ(0)] of the maps affect the global attractor? In this paper, we limit this general question to the Beverton–Holt model with p-periodic harvesting. We fix a set of harvesting quotas and give ourselves the liberty to permute them. The total harvesting yield is unchanged by the permutation, but the population geometric-mean may fluctuate. We investigate this notion and characterize the cases in which a permutation of the harvesting quotas has no effect or tangible effect on the population geometric-mean. In particular, as long as persistence is assured, all permutations within the dihedral group give same population geometric-mean. Other permutations may change the population geometric-mean. A characterization theorem has been obtained based on block reflections in the harvesting quotas. Finally, we associate directed graphs to the various permutations, then give the complete characterization when the periodicity of the system is four or five.

KW - Beverton–Holt

KW - Combinatorial dynamics

KW - Cycles

KW - Periodic harvesting

KW - Permutations

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U2 - 10.1016/j.amc.2019.124905

DO - 10.1016/j.amc.2019.124905

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85075978263

VL - 370

JO - Applied Mathematics and Computation

JF - Applied Mathematics and Computation

SN - 0096-3003

M1 - 124905

ER -