The Design Principles of 3D-Virtual Reality Learning Environment (3D-VRLE) in Science Education

Asmaa Yousif Al-Amri, Mohammed Osman, Ali S. Al-Musawi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


3D-Virtual Reality Learning Environments (3D-VRLEs) have proven effective in stimulating student engagement in teaching and learning processes. However, some principles should be considered before introducing and implementing these learning environments in science education. This paper aims to document the principles that guide the design and development of the 3D-VRLE in science education and to draw the implications for the Omani educational context.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2
Number of pages13
JournalInterdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • 3D-virtual reality learning environment, design principles, design-based research, science education, Oman.

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