The correlation between electroencephalography amplitude and interictal abnormalities: Audit study

Sami F. Al-Rawas, Rajesh P. Poothrikovil, Khidir M. Abdelbasit, Robert S. Delamont

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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to establish the relationship between background amplitude and interictal abnormalities in routine electroencephalography (EEG). Methods: This retrospective audit was conducted between July 2006 and December 2009 at the Department of Clinical Physiology at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) in Muscat, Oman. A total of 1,718 electroencephalograms (EEGs) were reviewed. All EEGs were from patients who had been referred due to epilepsy, syncope or headaches. EEGs were divided into four groups based on their amplitude: group one ≤20 μV; group two 21–35 μV; group three 36–50 μV, and group four >50 μV. Interictal abnormalities were defined as epileptiform discharges with or without associated slow waves. Abnormalities were identified during periods of resting, hyperventilation and photic stimulation in each group. Results: Te mean age ± standard deviation of the patients was 27 ± 12.5 years. Of the 1,718 EEGs, 542 (31.5%) were abnormal. Interictal abnormalities increased with amplitude in all four categories and demonstrated a significant association (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e473-e477
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Volume14
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2014

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Keywords

  • abnormalities
  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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