The application of Bayesian model averaging based on artificial intelligent models in estimating multiphase shock flood waves

Foad Vosoughi, Mohammad Reza Nikoo*, Gholamreza Rakhshandehroo, Nasrin Alamdari, Amir H. Gandomi, Malik Al-Wardy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The multiphase shock wave phenomenon is significantly affected by accumulated upstream sediment deposition and downstream hydraulic conditions. There is a lack of studies evaluating the efficacy of intelligent models in representing multiphase debris flooding over initially dry- or wet-bed tail-waters, or over downstream semi-circular obstacles. To address this, we propose a novel methodology based on Bayesian Model Averaging (BMA), which combines predictions of three individual intelligent models [i.e., “Multi-layer Perceptron” (MLP), “Generalized Regression Neural Network”, and “Support Vector Regression”]. The models were developed through experimental study whereupon high-quality sediment depths and water levels data (n = 9000) were collected from 18 shock wave scenarios with various initial conditions in channel up- and down-stream. Experimental data and related original videos are created accessible in an online repository may be used in other researches. Each model’s results were in close concord with the experimental data; RMRE and RMSE values were in the range of 1.54–5.99 mm and 1.21–40.49 mm, respectively (0.5–2% and 0.4–13.5%) with the MLP model marginally outperforming the other intelligent models. Based on statistical error indices, the BMA model had the best performance (up to 40% better) in estimating most data classes, and was more efficient than the best intelligent model signifying that the proposed methodology is explicit, straightforward, and promising for real-world applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeural Computing and Applications
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Abruptly changing topography
  • Bayesian model averaging
  • Experimental study
  • High-quality data
  • Intelligent models
  • Multiphase shock wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence

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