Temperature variation effects on stochastic characteristics for low-cost MEMS-based inertial sensor error

M. El-Diasty*, A. El-Rabbany, S. Pagiatakis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


We examine the effect of varying the temperature points on MEMS inertial sensors' noise models using Allan variance and least-squares spectral analysis (LSSA). Allan variance is a method of representing root-mean-square random drift error as a function of averaging times. LSSA is an alternative to the classical Fourier methods and has been applied successfully by a number of researchers in the study of the noise characteristics of experimental series. Static data sets are collected at different temperature points using two MEMS-based IMUs, namely MotionPakII and Crossbow AHRS300CC. The performance of the two MEMS inertial sensors is predicted from the Allan variance estimation results at different temperature points and the LSSA is used to study the noise characteristics and define the sensors' stochastic model parameters. It is shown that the stochastic characteristics of MEMS-based inertial sensors can be identified using Allan variance estimation and LSSA and the sensors' stochastic model parameters are temperature dependent. Also, the Kaiser window FIR low-pass filter is used to investigate the effect of de-noising stage on the stochastic model. It is shown that the stochastic model is also dependent on the chosen cut-off frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3321-3328
Number of pages8
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2007


  • Allan variance
  • Inertial sensor
  • LSSA
  • MEMS
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Mathematics

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