Systematic evaluation of mathematical methods and numerical schemes for modeling PCM-enhanced building enclosure

Saleh Nasser Al-Saadi, Zhiqiang Zhai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Latent heat storage using phase change material (PCM) has become one of the most viable solutions to mediate the climatic deficiency of light weight structures. Instead of expensive field tests, computational modeling can be utilized to evaluate its technical and economic feasibility. This study presents the calculation procedure for eight potential numerical models/schemes implemented in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. A linearized enthalpy method with hybrid correction scheme is proposed as an improvement to the existing numerical schemes. The models have been validated and further verified against a well-known building simulation program "EnergyPlus". The models have been analyzed for their computational efficiency and prediction accuracy. Some models are found sensitive to PCM's melting range, for example heat capacity method, but less sensitive to the latent heat. For all models, the time step should be small for accurate results. The iterative and the hybrid correction schemes are found computationally efficient and less sensitive to variations of PCM properties. In addition, a maximum time step of 15 min can be used without significant numerical error or changes in computational time. Hence, these two schemes can potentially be implemented into whole building simulation tools for modeling PCMs instead of existing slow and unstable numerical algorithms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-388
Number of pages15
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume92
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

Fingerprint

Phase change materials
Enclosures
Pulse code modulation
Latent heat
Light weight structures
Heat storage
Computational efficiency
MATLAB
Specific heat
Numerical models
Enthalpy
Materials properties
Melting
Economics

Keywords

  • Building enclosure
  • Mathematical methods
  • MATLAB/SIMULINK
  • Numerical schemes
  • PCM modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Systematic evaluation of mathematical methods and numerical schemes for modeling PCM-enhanced building enclosure. / Al-Saadi, Saleh Nasser; Zhai, Zhiqiang.

In: Energy and Buildings, Vol. 92, 01.04.2015, p. 374-388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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