Synthesis, antimicrobial activity, structural and spectral characterization and DFT calculations of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes of 4-amino-5-pyrimidinecarbonitrile

Tarek A. Mohamed, Ibrahim A. Shaaban, Rabei S. Farag, Wajdi M. Zoghaib, Mahmoud S. Afifi

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Abstract

Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes of 4-amino-5- pyrimidinecarbonitrile (APC) have been synthesized and characterized using elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, mass spectrometry, infrared (4000-200 cm-1), UV-Visible (200-1100 nm), 1H NMR and ESR spectroscopy as well as TGA analysis. The molar conductance measurements in DMSO imply non-electrolytic complexes, formulated as [M(APC)2Cl 2] where M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II). The infrared spectra of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes indicate a bidentate type of bonding for APC through the exocyclic amino and adjacent pyrimidine nitrogen as donors whereas APC coordinated to Pd(II) ion as a monodentated ligand via a pyrimidine nitrogen donor. The magnetic measurements and the electronic absorption spectra support distorted octahedral geometries for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes however a square planar complex was favored for the Pd(II) complex (C 2h skeleton symmetry). In addition, we carried out B3LYP and ω-B97XD geometry optimization at 6-31G(d) basis set except for Pd(II) where we implemented LanL2DZ/6-31G(d) combined basis set. The computational results favor all trans geometrical isomers where amino N, pyrimidine N and Cl are trans to each other (structure 1). Finally, APC and its divalent metal ion complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity, and the synthesized complexes were found to be more potent antimicrobial agents than APC against one or more microbial species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)417-427
Number of pages11
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Volume135
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2015

Fingerprint

pyrimidines
Discrete Fourier transforms
Nitrogen
Infrared radiation
Antimicrobial agents
Geometry
Magnetic variables measurement
synthesis
Magnetic susceptibility
Isomers
Ions
Mass spectrometry
Metal ions
Paramagnetic resonance
nitrogen
Absorption spectra
Coordination Complexes
Ligands
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Spectroscopy

Keywords

  • 4-Aminopyrimidine-5-carbonitrile
  • Antimicrobial activities
  • DFT calculations
  • IR, Vis and ESR spectra
  • Metal complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{63197f22a9094438bd94841e42a79fb7,
title = "Synthesis, antimicrobial activity, structural and spectral characterization and DFT calculations of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes of 4-amino-5-pyrimidinecarbonitrile",
abstract = "Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes of 4-amino-5- pyrimidinecarbonitrile (APC) have been synthesized and characterized using elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, mass spectrometry, infrared (4000-200 cm-1), UV-Visible (200-1100 nm), 1H NMR and ESR spectroscopy as well as TGA analysis. The molar conductance measurements in DMSO imply non-electrolytic complexes, formulated as [M(APC)2Cl 2] where M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II). The infrared spectra of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes indicate a bidentate type of bonding for APC through the exocyclic amino and adjacent pyrimidine nitrogen as donors whereas APC coordinated to Pd(II) ion as a monodentated ligand via a pyrimidine nitrogen donor. The magnetic measurements and the electronic absorption spectra support distorted octahedral geometries for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes however a square planar complex was favored for the Pd(II) complex (C 2h skeleton symmetry). In addition, we carried out B3LYP and ω-B97XD geometry optimization at 6-31G(d) basis set except for Pd(II) where we implemented LanL2DZ/6-31G(d) combined basis set. The computational results favor all trans geometrical isomers where amino N, pyrimidine N and Cl are trans to each other (structure 1). Finally, APC and its divalent metal ion complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity, and the synthesized complexes were found to be more potent antimicrobial agents than APC against one or more microbial species.",
keywords = "4-Aminopyrimidine-5-carbonitrile, Antimicrobial activities, DFT calculations, IR, Vis and ESR spectra, Metal complexes",
author = "Mohamed, {Tarek A.} and Shaaban, {Ibrahim A.} and Farag, {Rabei S.} and Zoghaib, {Wajdi M.} and Afifi, {Mahmoud S.}",
year = "2015",
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day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/j.saa.2014.07.018",
language = "English",
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pages = "417--427",
journal = "Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis, antimicrobial activity, structural and spectral characterization and DFT calculations of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes of 4-amino-5-pyrimidinecarbonitrile

AU - Mohamed, Tarek A.

AU - Shaaban, Ibrahim A.

AU - Farag, Rabei S.

AU - Zoghaib, Wajdi M.

AU - Afifi, Mahmoud S.

PY - 2015/1/25

Y1 - 2015/1/25

N2 - Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes of 4-amino-5- pyrimidinecarbonitrile (APC) have been synthesized and characterized using elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, mass spectrometry, infrared (4000-200 cm-1), UV-Visible (200-1100 nm), 1H NMR and ESR spectroscopy as well as TGA analysis. The molar conductance measurements in DMSO imply non-electrolytic complexes, formulated as [M(APC)2Cl 2] where M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II). The infrared spectra of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes indicate a bidentate type of bonding for APC through the exocyclic amino and adjacent pyrimidine nitrogen as donors whereas APC coordinated to Pd(II) ion as a monodentated ligand via a pyrimidine nitrogen donor. The magnetic measurements and the electronic absorption spectra support distorted octahedral geometries for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes however a square planar complex was favored for the Pd(II) complex (C 2h skeleton symmetry). In addition, we carried out B3LYP and ω-B97XD geometry optimization at 6-31G(d) basis set except for Pd(II) where we implemented LanL2DZ/6-31G(d) combined basis set. The computational results favor all trans geometrical isomers where amino N, pyrimidine N and Cl are trans to each other (structure 1). Finally, APC and its divalent metal ion complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity, and the synthesized complexes were found to be more potent antimicrobial agents than APC against one or more microbial species.

AB - Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II) complexes of 4-amino-5- pyrimidinecarbonitrile (APC) have been synthesized and characterized using elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility, mass spectrometry, infrared (4000-200 cm-1), UV-Visible (200-1100 nm), 1H NMR and ESR spectroscopy as well as TGA analysis. The molar conductance measurements in DMSO imply non-electrolytic complexes, formulated as [M(APC)2Cl 2] where M = Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Pd(II). The infrared spectra of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes indicate a bidentate type of bonding for APC through the exocyclic amino and adjacent pyrimidine nitrogen as donors whereas APC coordinated to Pd(II) ion as a monodentated ligand via a pyrimidine nitrogen donor. The magnetic measurements and the electronic absorption spectra support distorted octahedral geometries for Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes however a square planar complex was favored for the Pd(II) complex (C 2h skeleton symmetry). In addition, we carried out B3LYP and ω-B97XD geometry optimization at 6-31G(d) basis set except for Pd(II) where we implemented LanL2DZ/6-31G(d) combined basis set. The computational results favor all trans geometrical isomers where amino N, pyrimidine N and Cl are trans to each other (structure 1). Finally, APC and its divalent metal ion complexes were screened for their antibacterial activity, and the synthesized complexes were found to be more potent antimicrobial agents than APC against one or more microbial species.

KW - 4-Aminopyrimidine-5-carbonitrile

KW - Antimicrobial activities

KW - DFT calculations

KW - IR, Vis and ESR spectra

KW - Metal complexes

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U2 - 10.1016/j.saa.2014.07.018

DO - 10.1016/j.saa.2014.07.018

M3 - Article

VL - 135

SP - 417

EP - 427

JO - Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy

JF - Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy

SN - 1386-1425

ER -