Superhydrophobic nanocarbon-based membrane with antibacterial characteristics

Mustafa M. Aljumaily, Mohammed A. Alsaadi*, Nur Awanis Binti Hashim, Farouq S. Mjalli, Qusay F. Alsalhy, Abdul L. Khan, Ahmed Al-Harrasi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To overcome the biofouling challenge which faces membrane water treatment processed, the novel superhydrophobic carbon nanomaterials impregnated on/powder activated carbon (CNMs/PAC) was utilized to successfully design prepare an antimicrobial membrane. The research was conducted following a systematic statistical design of experiments technique considering various parameters of composite membrane fabrication. The impact of these parameters of composite membrane on Staphylococcus aureus growth was investigated. The bacteria growth was analyzed through spectrophotometer and SEM. The effect of CNMs' hydrophobicity on the bacterial colonies revealed a decrease in the abundance of bacterial colonies and an alteration in structure with increasing the hydrophobicity. The results revealed that the optimum preparative conditions for carbon loading CNMs/PAC was 363.04 mg with a polymer concentration of 22.64 g/100 g, and a casting knife thickness of 133.91 μm. These conditions have resulted in decreasing the number of bacteria colonies to about 7.56 CFU. Our results provided a strong evidence on the antibacterial effect and consequently on the antibiofouling potential of CNMs/PAC in membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2963
JournalBiotechnology Progress
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • anti-biofouling
  • membrane distillation
  • optimization
  • surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology

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