Supercritical extraction of crude oil by methanol- and ethanol-modified carbon dioxide

Svetlana Rudyk*, Shahid Hussain, Pavel Spirov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of ethanol and methanol cosolvents on the extraction yield and kinetics of crude oil originating from the Halfdan field of the North Sea by supercritical carbon dioxide was investigated across a pressure range of 20-60 MPa under a fixed temperature of 60 C. Results inform that the pure carbon dioxide recovery varied between 43 and 77% while the recovery of the liquid phase of oil ranged between 22 and 56% across the entire pressure range. Using ethanol- and methanol-modified CO2, the total recovery yield increased significantly averaging an additional 18.2% and 19.4% respectively when compared to pure carbon dioxide. The ethanol addition improved the recovery of the liquid phase of oil averaging 9.6% while the methanol addition improved it to 7.3% across the entire pressure range. Study of the kinetics of extraction process indicated that heavier fractions were extracted faster with the ethanol- compared to the methanol-modified CO2. GC-MS TIC chromatographic analysis of the extracted oil fractions showed that the extraction of C19-C30 single carbon number groups with the addition of methanol is more dependent on pressure. Predominantly, ethanol addition was more efficient in extraction of C17-C38 single carbon number groups while methanol contributed more in extraction of C7-C9 SCN groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Supercritical Fluids
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Extraction
  • Oil
  • Supercritical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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