Study on the separation of ofloxacin enantiomers by hydroxyl-propyl-β-cyclodextrin as a chiral selector in capillary electrophoresis: A computational approach

Fakhr Eldin O Suliman, Abdalla A. Elbashir, Oliver J. Schmitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) has been used successfully as a chiral additive to separate ofloxacin (OFL) enantiomers in a capillary electrophoresis system. Using electrospray-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) it was revealed that OFL forms an inclusion complex with HPβCD at 1:1 stoichiometry. The interaction of the enantiomers with the host was further investigated by molecular modeling using molecular mechanics dockings, PM7 semiempirical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. Calculations using PM7 semiempirical methods indicated that the separation is brought about by a large difference in the binding energies (ΔΔE) of 15 kcal mol-1 between R-OFL-HPβCD and S-OFL-HPβCD inclusion complexes. S-OFL was predicted to be eluted first by the PM7 method which corroborates the experimental results. Moreover, the molecular dynamic simulations show that the formation of stable R-OFL-HPβCD is because it is more deeply inserted into the cavity of the host. The study also revealed the absence of the role of strong hydrogen bonding in the enantioseparations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-129
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry
Volume83
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Enantioseparation
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Ofloxacin
  • PM7

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)

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