Strengthening steel girder bridges with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plates

Terry J. Wipf, Brent M. Phares, F. Wayne Klaiber, A. H. Al-Saidy, Yoon Si Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A large percentage of short - and medium-span steel bridges are deteriorating because of age and environmental effects. Although these bridges are still in service, many need strengthening because of increases in legal live load, loss of section, or both. The results of two investigations are presented - a laboratory study and a field study - in which carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates were used to strengthen composite steel stringers. In the laboratory investigation, small-scale steel-concrete composite beams were tested; there were control beams (no damage or CFRP applied), damaged beams (a percentage of the bottom flange removed), and damaged beams with CFRP applied to the bottom flanges, webs, or both. In all cases the strength of all damaged and repaired beams was fully restored to the original undamaged state. Details on both the strengthening system and the behavior of undamaged, damaged, and repaired scale-model specimens are presented. On the basis of the laboratory results, a second project was undertaken in which an existing steel girder bridge was strengthened with CFRP plates. This bridge is a 150- × 30-ft three-span continuous rolled I-beam bridge in southwestern Iowa. The original noncomposite four-beam bridge was widened in 1965 by adding two composite beams. A recent rating of this bridge determined that several of the original beams were understrength in the positive moment regions; thus CFRP was bonded to the positive moment regions of the bottom flanges of the two original interior beams and the "new" exterior beams. At some locations on the exterior beams, the plates were installed on the top surface of the bottom flange to investigate the performance and in-service durability under detrimental environmental conditions. This bridge has been load tested three times - before and alter installation of the C FRP plates and approx-imately 1 year later - to determine the effectiveness of the strengthening system. Results are presented to illustrate this effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference
Subtitle of host publicationReliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering
Pages435-447
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2005
EventTransportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference: Reliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2005Jul 20 2005

Other

OtherTransportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference: Reliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period7/17/057/20/05

Fingerprint

Carbon fibers
Flanges
Steel
Polymers
Composite materials
Electric load loss
Stringers
Steel bridges
Environmental impact
Durability
Concretes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Wipf, T. J., Phares, B. M., Klaiber, F. W., Al-Saidy, A. H., & Lee, Y. S. (2005). Strengthening steel girder bridges with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plates. In Transportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference: Reliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering (pp. 435-447)

Strengthening steel girder bridges with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plates. / Wipf, Terry J.; Phares, Brent M.; Klaiber, F. Wayne; Al-Saidy, A. H.; Lee, Yoon Si.

Transportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference: Reliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering. 2005. p. 435-447.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Wipf, TJ, Phares, BM, Klaiber, FW, Al-Saidy, AH & Lee, YS 2005, Strengthening steel girder bridges with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plates. in Transportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference: Reliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering. pp. 435-447, Transportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference: Reliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering, Boston, MA, United States, 7/17/05.
Wipf TJ, Phares BM, Klaiber FW, Al-Saidy AH, Lee YS. Strengthening steel girder bridges with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plates. In Transportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference: Reliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering. 2005. p. 435-447
Wipf, Terry J. ; Phares, Brent M. ; Klaiber, F. Wayne ; Al-Saidy, A. H. ; Lee, Yoon Si. / Strengthening steel girder bridges with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plates. Transportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference: Reliability, Security, and Sustainability in Bridge Engineering. 2005. pp. 435-447
@inproceedings{686ca8449b194fadad17c1d067985f0c,
title = "Strengthening steel girder bridges with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plates",
abstract = "A large percentage of short - and medium-span steel bridges are deteriorating because of age and environmental effects. Although these bridges are still in service, many need strengthening because of increases in legal live load, loss of section, or both. The results of two investigations are presented - a laboratory study and a field study - in which carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates were used to strengthen composite steel stringers. In the laboratory investigation, small-scale steel-concrete composite beams were tested; there were control beams (no damage or CFRP applied), damaged beams (a percentage of the bottom flange removed), and damaged beams with CFRP applied to the bottom flanges, webs, or both. In all cases the strength of all damaged and repaired beams was fully restored to the original undamaged state. Details on both the strengthening system and the behavior of undamaged, damaged, and repaired scale-model specimens are presented. On the basis of the laboratory results, a second project was undertaken in which an existing steel girder bridge was strengthened with CFRP plates. This bridge is a 150- × 30-ft three-span continuous rolled I-beam bridge in southwestern Iowa. The original noncomposite four-beam bridge was widened in 1965 by adding two composite beams. A recent rating of this bridge determined that several of the original beams were understrength in the positive moment regions; thus CFRP was bonded to the positive moment regions of the bottom flanges of the two original interior beams and the {"}new{"} exterior beams. At some locations on the exterior beams, the plates were installed on the top surface of the bottom flange to investigate the performance and in-service durability under detrimental environmental conditions. This bridge has been load tested three times - before and alter installation of the C FRP plates and approx-imately 1 year later - to determine the effectiveness of the strengthening system. Results are presented to illustrate this effectiveness.",
author = "Wipf, {Terry J.} and Phares, {Brent M.} and Klaiber, {F. Wayne} and Al-Saidy, {A. H.} and Lee, {Yoon Si}",
year = "2005",
language = "English",
isbn = "0309093813",
pages = "435--447",
booktitle = "Transportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Strengthening steel girder bridges with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plates

AU - Wipf, Terry J.

AU - Phares, Brent M.

AU - Klaiber, F. Wayne

AU - Al-Saidy, A. H.

AU - Lee, Yoon Si

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - A large percentage of short - and medium-span steel bridges are deteriorating because of age and environmental effects. Although these bridges are still in service, many need strengthening because of increases in legal live load, loss of section, or both. The results of two investigations are presented - a laboratory study and a field study - in which carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates were used to strengthen composite steel stringers. In the laboratory investigation, small-scale steel-concrete composite beams were tested; there were control beams (no damage or CFRP applied), damaged beams (a percentage of the bottom flange removed), and damaged beams with CFRP applied to the bottom flanges, webs, or both. In all cases the strength of all damaged and repaired beams was fully restored to the original undamaged state. Details on both the strengthening system and the behavior of undamaged, damaged, and repaired scale-model specimens are presented. On the basis of the laboratory results, a second project was undertaken in which an existing steel girder bridge was strengthened with CFRP plates. This bridge is a 150- × 30-ft three-span continuous rolled I-beam bridge in southwestern Iowa. The original noncomposite four-beam bridge was widened in 1965 by adding two composite beams. A recent rating of this bridge determined that several of the original beams were understrength in the positive moment regions; thus CFRP was bonded to the positive moment regions of the bottom flanges of the two original interior beams and the "new" exterior beams. At some locations on the exterior beams, the plates were installed on the top surface of the bottom flange to investigate the performance and in-service durability under detrimental environmental conditions. This bridge has been load tested three times - before and alter installation of the C FRP plates and approx-imately 1 year later - to determine the effectiveness of the strengthening system. Results are presented to illustrate this effectiveness.

AB - A large percentage of short - and medium-span steel bridges are deteriorating because of age and environmental effects. Although these bridges are still in service, many need strengthening because of increases in legal live load, loss of section, or both. The results of two investigations are presented - a laboratory study and a field study - in which carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates were used to strengthen composite steel stringers. In the laboratory investigation, small-scale steel-concrete composite beams were tested; there were control beams (no damage or CFRP applied), damaged beams (a percentage of the bottom flange removed), and damaged beams with CFRP applied to the bottom flanges, webs, or both. In all cases the strength of all damaged and repaired beams was fully restored to the original undamaged state. Details on both the strengthening system and the behavior of undamaged, damaged, and repaired scale-model specimens are presented. On the basis of the laboratory results, a second project was undertaken in which an existing steel girder bridge was strengthened with CFRP plates. This bridge is a 150- × 30-ft three-span continuous rolled I-beam bridge in southwestern Iowa. The original noncomposite four-beam bridge was widened in 1965 by adding two composite beams. A recent rating of this bridge determined that several of the original beams were understrength in the positive moment regions; thus CFRP was bonded to the positive moment regions of the bottom flanges of the two original interior beams and the "new" exterior beams. At some locations on the exterior beams, the plates were installed on the top surface of the bottom flange to investigate the performance and in-service durability under detrimental environmental conditions. This bridge has been load tested three times - before and alter installation of the C FRP plates and approx-imately 1 year later - to determine the effectiveness of the strengthening system. Results are presented to illustrate this effectiveness.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33645011044&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33645011044&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 0309093813

SN - 9780309093811

SP - 435

EP - 447

BT - Transportation Research Board - 6th International Bridge Engineering Conference

ER -