State diagram of dates: Glass transition, freezing curve and maximal-freeze-concentration condition

Nejib Guizani, Ghalib Said Al-Saidi, Mohammad Shafiur Rahman, Salwa Bornaz, Ahmed Ali Al-Alawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The state diagram of Deglet Nour dates was developed using freezing curve, glass transition line, and maximal-freeze-concentration condition. Freezing points and glass transition temperature were measured by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as a function of water content. Freezing points were fitted to the Clausius-Clapeyron equation adjusted with un-freezable water, and glass transition was fitted to the Gordon-Taylor model. Glass transition decreased with a decrease in solids content, confirming the plasticizing effect of water on date solids. Freezing point data indicated the temperature when ice formed and dates would be most stable in terms of its deterioration if it can be stored below its glass transition. Maximum-freeze-concentration conditions was found as Xs (characteristic solids content) = 0.78 g/g sample, with the characteristic temperature as Tg (characteristics glass transition) = -48 °C and Tm (characteristic end point of freezing) = -38.2 °C. These characteristics indicated that 0.22 g/g sample water in date was un-freezable (i.e. bound with solids or unable to form ice). The developed state diagram can be used in determining the stability of dates during storage as a function of temperature and moisture content. Moreover, it can be used to determine optimum drying and freezing conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-97
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Food Engineering
Volume99
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

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glass transition
Freezing
Glass
freezing point
freezing
Water
Ice
ice
Temperature
water content
temperature
glass transition temperature
water
differential scanning calorimetry
Transition Temperature
Differential Scanning Calorimetry
drying
deterioration
sampling

Keywords

  • Dates
  • Differential scanning colorimetry
  • Glass transition
  • Maximal-freeze-concentration condition
  • State diagram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

State diagram of dates : Glass transition, freezing curve and maximal-freeze-concentration condition. / Guizani, Nejib; Al-Saidi, Ghalib Said; Rahman, Mohammad Shafiur; Bornaz, Salwa; Al-Alawi, Ahmed Ali.

In: Journal of Food Engineering, Vol. 99, No. 1, 07.2010, p. 92-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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