Spin-state dependence of electrical resistivity and thermoelectric power of molten Al-Mn alloys

Experiment and theory

A. Ben Abdellah, B. Grosdidier, S. M. Osman, S. M. Mujibur Rahman, M. Mayoufi, J. Ataati, J. G. Gasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present experimental measurements of resistivity and thermoelectric power of liquid alloys, Al1-x-Mnx, (x = 0.12, 0.14, 0.16, 0.18, 0.20). The resistivity increases from 28.88 μΩ cm for pure aluminum to 123.3 μΩ cm for the alloy. No resistivity extremum is observed near the Mn concentration x = 0.14, in contrast to that observed in the quasi-crystalline state. At 1323 K. The temperature coefficient of the experimental resistivity is found to have a minimum value in the near vicinity of x = 0.16. For all these five compositions the thermoelectric power is negative and does not display any anomaly. Also we have proposed theoretical model, based on Faber Ziman formalism, to calculate both resistivity and the thermoelectric power. The neutron scattering experiment on Al0.80Mn0.20 liquid alloy confirmed that the effective spin of Manganese atoms had a mean value around 1 and that the Manganese could exist in two states of different magnetic moments. By minimizing the energy of the spin flip, we demonstrated the fact that Manganese appears in Al1-xMnx alloys as a mixture of Manganese atoms of spin 1/2 and 3/2 in proportions equal to 7/12 and 5/12, respectively. The Manganese atoms with one spin value different of zero may be considered as a binary alloy (B. Grosdidier, A. Ben Abdellah, K. Bouziane, S. M. Mujibur Rahman and J. G. Gasser, Phil. Mag. 93 no 26 (2013) p.3576.) owing to the spin dependence of the exchange and correlation. In this work, we treated Manganese with its two spin values as a quaternary alloy. Consequently, in our calculations, we treated Al-Mn as five component alloys. This allowing us to extend the Faber Ziman formalism originally designed for a binary alloy to a five-component formalism. Our theoretical results are in fairly good agreement with our experimental values which validates the assumptions of our model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1010-1019
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume658
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2016

Fingerprint

Thermoelectric power
Manganese
Molten materials
Experiments
Binary alloys
Atoms
Liquids
Neutron scattering
Magnetic moments
Aluminum
Crystalline materials
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Liquid alloy
  • Manganese
  • Resistivity
  • Spin state treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Spin-state dependence of electrical resistivity and thermoelectric power of molten Al-Mn alloys : Experiment and theory. / Ben Abdellah, A.; Grosdidier, B.; Osman, S. M.; Mujibur Rahman, S. M.; Mayoufi, M.; Ataati, J.; Gasser, J. G.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 658, 15.02.2016, p. 1010-1019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - Experiment and theory

AU - Ben Abdellah, A.

AU - Grosdidier, B.

AU - Osman, S. M.

AU - Mujibur Rahman, S. M.

AU - Mayoufi, M.

AU - Ataati, J.

AU - Gasser, J. G.

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N2 - We present experimental measurements of resistivity and thermoelectric power of liquid alloys, Al1-x-Mnx, (x = 0.12, 0.14, 0.16, 0.18, 0.20). The resistivity increases from 28.88 μΩ cm for pure aluminum to 123.3 μΩ cm for the alloy. No resistivity extremum is observed near the Mn concentration x = 0.14, in contrast to that observed in the quasi-crystalline state. At 1323 K. The temperature coefficient of the experimental resistivity is found to have a minimum value in the near vicinity of x = 0.16. For all these five compositions the thermoelectric power is negative and does not display any anomaly. Also we have proposed theoretical model, based on Faber Ziman formalism, to calculate both resistivity and the thermoelectric power. The neutron scattering experiment on Al0.80Mn0.20 liquid alloy confirmed that the effective spin of Manganese atoms had a mean value around 1 and that the Manganese could exist in two states of different magnetic moments. By minimizing the energy of the spin flip, we demonstrated the fact that Manganese appears in Al1-xMnx alloys as a mixture of Manganese atoms of spin 1/2 and 3/2 in proportions equal to 7/12 and 5/12, respectively. The Manganese atoms with one spin value different of zero may be considered as a binary alloy (B. Grosdidier, A. Ben Abdellah, K. Bouziane, S. M. Mujibur Rahman and J. G. Gasser, Phil. Mag. 93 no 26 (2013) p.3576.) owing to the spin dependence of the exchange and correlation. In this work, we treated Manganese with its two spin values as a quaternary alloy. Consequently, in our calculations, we treated Al-Mn as five component alloys. This allowing us to extend the Faber Ziman formalism originally designed for a binary alloy to a five-component formalism. Our theoretical results are in fairly good agreement with our experimental values which validates the assumptions of our model.

AB - We present experimental measurements of resistivity and thermoelectric power of liquid alloys, Al1-x-Mnx, (x = 0.12, 0.14, 0.16, 0.18, 0.20). The resistivity increases from 28.88 μΩ cm for pure aluminum to 123.3 μΩ cm for the alloy. No resistivity extremum is observed near the Mn concentration x = 0.14, in contrast to that observed in the quasi-crystalline state. At 1323 K. The temperature coefficient of the experimental resistivity is found to have a minimum value in the near vicinity of x = 0.16. For all these five compositions the thermoelectric power is negative and does not display any anomaly. Also we have proposed theoretical model, based on Faber Ziman formalism, to calculate both resistivity and the thermoelectric power. The neutron scattering experiment on Al0.80Mn0.20 liquid alloy confirmed that the effective spin of Manganese atoms had a mean value around 1 and that the Manganese could exist in two states of different magnetic moments. By minimizing the energy of the spin flip, we demonstrated the fact that Manganese appears in Al1-xMnx alloys as a mixture of Manganese atoms of spin 1/2 and 3/2 in proportions equal to 7/12 and 5/12, respectively. The Manganese atoms with one spin value different of zero may be considered as a binary alloy (B. Grosdidier, A. Ben Abdellah, K. Bouziane, S. M. Mujibur Rahman and J. G. Gasser, Phil. Mag. 93 no 26 (2013) p.3576.) owing to the spin dependence of the exchange and correlation. In this work, we treated Manganese with its two spin values as a quaternary alloy. Consequently, in our calculations, we treated Al-Mn as five component alloys. This allowing us to extend the Faber Ziman formalism originally designed for a binary alloy to a five-component formalism. Our theoretical results are in fairly good agreement with our experimental values which validates the assumptions of our model.

KW - Aluminum

KW - Liquid alloy

KW - Manganese

KW - Resistivity

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