Spectrum of glomerular diseases in Arab countries

A systematic review

Nasar Alwahaibi, Halima Khalfan Al Issaei, Buthaina Saif Al Dhahli

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

According to the best of our knowledge, there is no review compiling incidence of glomerular disease in all Arab countries. Most of the Arab countries do not have a national renal biopsy registry. In addition, there is scanty data available on the epidemiology of glomerular diseases in Arab countries. In this review, we performed a systematic review analyzing the incidence of glomerular disease in all Arab countries. Relevant manuscripts in all 22 Arab countries found through searches of Medline, Science Direct, Embase, and Google Scholar were evaluated. The time was from January 1990 to March 2018. A total of 36 manuscripts containing 10,727 biopsies from 11 countries were analyzed. The male-to-female ratio was 1.2:1. Saudi Arabia had the largest number of published studies with 14 papers followed equally by Iraq, Jordan, and Sudan with three papers each. The average period of study was 8.17 years. Retrospective studies represented 86.11%. Focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) (27%), minimal change disease (14%), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (13%), mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (13%), and membranous glomerulopathy (11%) were the main types of primary glomerular diseases. The most common types of secondary glomerular diseases were lupus nephritis (LN) (58%), amyloidosis (10.19%), diabetic nephropathy (9.89%), hypertension (4.84%) and poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (2.72%). In conclusion, FSGS and LN are the most common types of primary and secondary glomerular diseases, respectively, in all evaluated Arab countries. The trend of all types of glomerular diseases has not changed in the last three decades. We strongly recommend that each Arab country should have its own renal biopsy registry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1256-1266
Number of pages11
JournalSaudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2018

Fingerprint

Middle East
Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
Lupus Nephritis
Manuscripts
Glomerulonephritis
Biopsy
Registries
Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
Lipoid Nephrosis
Kidney
Iraq
Jordan
Membranous Glomerulonephritis
Sudan
Saudi Arabia
Incidence
Diabetic Nephropathies
Amyloidosis
Epidemiology
Retrospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Spectrum of glomerular diseases in Arab countries : A systematic review. / Alwahaibi, Nasar; Al Issaei, Halima Khalfan; Al Dhahli, Buthaina Saif.

In: Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia, Vol. 29, No. 6, 01.11.2018, p. 1256-1266.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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