Spectroscopic study of spin-dependent exciton formation rates in π-conjugated semiconductors: Comparison with electroluminescence techniques

C. Yang, Z. V. Vardeny, A. Köhler, M. Wohlgenannt, M. K. Al-Suti, M. S. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


It has been found in recent measurements that the singlet-to-triplet exciton ratio in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) is larger than expected from spin degeneracy, and that singlet excitons form at a larger rate than triplets. We employed the technique of optically detected magnetic resonance to measure the spin-dependent exciton formation rates in films of a polymer and corresponding monomer, and explore the relation between the formation rates and the actual singlet-to-triplet ratio measured previously in OLEDs. We found that the spin-dependent exciton formation rates can indeed quantitatively explain the observed exciton yields, and that singlet formation rates and yields are significantly enhanced only in polymer OLEDs, but not in OLEDs made from the corresponding monomer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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